大学化学 >> 2015, Vol. 30 >> Issue (1): 26-30.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX20150105

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

化学热力学中微积分的引入及其意义

尹振兴1, 林娜2, 章俊1, 孔辉1   

  1. 1. 安徽工业大学冶金工程学院 安徽马鞍山 243002;
    2. 安徽工业大学材料科学与工程学院 安徽马鞍山 243002
  • 发布日期:2015-02-25
  • 基金资助:

    安徽工业大学校级教学研究项目(No.2011jg24);精品资源共享课(物理化学)资助

Introduction of Calculus into Chemical Thermodynamics and Its Applications

Yin Zhenxing1, Lin Na2, Zhang Jun1, Kong Hui1   

  1. 1. School of Metallurgy Engineering, Anhui University of Technology, Maanshan 243002, Anhui, China;
    2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Technology, Maanshan 243002, Anhui, China
  • Published:2015-02-25

摘要:

从微积分在化学热力学理论中的应用角度出发,介绍微积分是如何被引入到化学热力学中。归纳了化学热力学状态函数的数学特性,讨论了一些重要基本概念的联系和区别,指出了微积分在化学热力学理论建立过程中的重要意义,并结合一些实例介绍了微积分原理和方法在化学热力学中的应用。

关键词: 化学热力学, 微积分, 热力学状态函数, 全微分

Abstract:

This paper demonstrated the introduction of calculus into chemical thermodynamics. The mathematical characteristics of state functions of chemical thermodynamics were summarized, and some basic concepts were discussed in terms of their correlations. Finally, the applications of calculus fundamentals to chemical thermodynamics were illustrated by several practical examples.

Key words: Chemical thermodynamics, Calculus, State function of thermodynamics, Total differential

MSC2000: 

  • O642