大学化学 >> 2016, Vol. 31 >> Issue (5): 19-22.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201506001

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

如何使学生正确记录数据——大学化学有效数字教学改进

戴可1,梁华2,*()   

  1. 1 西南科技大学材料科学与工程学院, 四川 绵阳 621010
    2 西南科技大学四川省非金属复合与功能材料重点实验室-省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地, 四川 绵阳 621010
  • 发布日期:2016-05-23
  • 通讯作者: 梁华 E-mail:dandelion1978@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    西南科技大学博士基金(11zx7143);西南科技大学博士基金(13zx7104)

How to Train Students to Record the Experimental Results Correctly: Educational Improvements on Significant Figures

Ke DAI1,Hua LIANG2,*()   

  1. 1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan Province, P. R. China
    2 State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Nonmetal Composites and Functional Materials, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan Province, P. R. China
  • Published:2016-05-23
  • Contact: Hua LIANG E-mail:dandelion1978@163.com
  • Supported by:
    西南科技大学博士基金(11zx7143);西南科技大学博士基金(13zx7104)

摘要:

科学的数据记录习惯是化学工作者必备的基础素质之一,而大学时期是培养这种习惯的关键阶段。本文从有效数字的重要性出发,针对学生不规范记录数据的现象及原因进行了讨论,提出调动学生的主观能动性使其真正认识到有效数字的重要性是教学改进的入手点,并就此提出相应的改进措施。

关键词: 有效数字, 数据记录, 主观能动性, 教学改进

Abstract:

It is one of essential capacities for chemists to record data scientifically, and college education is a pivotal period for students to develop the basic habit. In light of the fundamentality of significant figures, problems reflected in students' data recording and the cause are discussed. It is suggested that the key approach to solve these problems is to arouse the subjective initiative of the students to make them pay attention to the importance of significant figures. And suggestions for improvement are also proposed.

Key words: Significant figure, Data recording, Subjective initiative, Educational improvement

MSC2000: 

  • O6