大学化学 >> 2016, Vol. 31 >> Issue (8): 81-85.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201510011

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

综合化学实验乙酰二茂铁的合成和表征详析

白银娟*(),南志祥,李珺   

  • 发布日期:2016-08-31
  • 通讯作者: 白银娟 E-mail:baiyinjuan@nwu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家理科基地人才培养基金(J1210057);陕西省精品课程:综合化学实验

Synthesis and Characterization of Acetylferrocene: Detailed Analysis of a Comprehensive Chemistry Experiment

Yin-Juan BAI*(),Zhi-Xiang NAN,Jun LI   

  • Published:2016-08-31
  • Contact: Yin-Juan BAI E-mail:baiyinjuan@nwu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    国家理科基地人才培养基金(J1210057);陕西省精品课程:综合化学实验

摘要:

对典型的综合化学实验“乙酰二茂铁的合成和表征”中的乙酰化方法、分离纯化以及产物的表征进行了详细论述。深入分析了加料方法、反应温度控制、酸中和、薄层监测、柱层析等操作以及产物的红外光谱和核磁共振氢谱表征中的细节问题。探讨了如何指导学生对综合化学实验操作进行规划,提高学生对实验进行观察分析以及解决问题的能力。

关键词: 乙酰二茂铁, 合成, 表征, 综合性实验

Abstract:

The acetylation, purification and characterization of a typical comprehensive chemistry experiment "the synthesis and characterization of acetylferrocene" were described in this paper. The details of reactants addition, reaction temperature control, neutralization, TLC monitoring, column chromatography and characterization of the product with infrared spectrum and hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum were investigated. Instruction for students on how to plan comprehensive chemistry experiment, improve the ability for observing, analyzing and solving problems were discussed.

Key words: Acetylferrocene, Synthesis, Characterization, Comprehensive experiment

MSC2000: 

  • O6