大学化学 >> 2016, Vol. 31 >> Issue (4): 1-11.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX20160401

今日化学 上一篇    下一篇

“受阻Lewis酸碱对”化学的研究进展

柳晗宇,杨中天,余子迪,米天雄,卞江*()   

  • 发布日期:2016-05-06
  • 通讯作者: 卞江 E-mail:bj@pku.edu.cn

Research Progress on Frustrated Lewis Pairs Chemistry

Han-Yu LIU,Zhong-Tian YANG,Zi-Di YU,Tian-Xiong MI,Jiang BIAN*()   

  • Published:2016-05-06
  • Contact: Jiang BIAN E-mail:bj@pku.edu.cn

摘要:

受阻Lewis酸碱对(Frustrated Lewis Pairs, FLPs)是一类具有特殊反应活性的Lewis酸碱对。自发现以来, FLPs受到了广泛关注并在许多领域崭露头角。本文对FLPs在不对称氢化、高分子聚合、CO2催化还原等应用领域取得的突破进行了介绍;同时对过渡金属FLPs和FLPs配位的过渡金属催化体系进行了综述;最后对FLPs领域未来的发展前景进行了展望。

关键词: 受阻Lewis酸碱对, 不对称氢化, 离子型聚合反应, CO2催化还原, 过渡金属催化体系

Abstract:

Frustrated Lewis Pairs (FLPs) represent a class of Lewis acids and bases possessing unique reactivities. Since their discovery, FLPs have obtained extensive attention and have grown rapidly on a broad range of studies. This paper highlights the application of FLPs in the fields of asymmetric hydrogenation, polymerization and catalytic reduction of CO2. Transition-metal FLPs and complexes containing FLPs ligands are also reviewed. Finally the trend in the development of FLPs is also discussed.

Key words: Frustrated Lewis Pairs, Asymmetric hydrogenation, Ionic polymerization, Catalytic CO2 reduction, Transition-metal catalytic systems

MSC2000: 

  • O6-1