大学化学 >> 2016, Vol. 31 >> Issue (11): 28-36.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201604015

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

从另一个角度处理“原子结构”内容的尝试

周春生1,邸友莹1,陈三平2,杨奇2,谢钢2,高胜利1,2,*()   

  1. 1 商洛学院化学工程与现代材料学院, 陕西 商洛 726000
    2 西北大学化学与材料科学学院, 西安 710079
  • 发布日期:2016-11-30
  • 通讯作者: 高胜利 E-mail:gaoshli@nwu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    第三批国家级精品资源共享课(教高函(2013)132号);国家精品课程(教高函(2007)20号);陕西省高等学校教改项目((2015)J32)

An Attempt on Teaching about the Content of "Atomic Structure" from a Different Point of View

Chun-Sheng ZHOU1,You-Ying DI1,San-Ping CHEN2,Qi YANG2,Gang XIE2,Sheng-Li GAO1,2,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemical Engineering and Modern Materials, Shangluo University, Shangluo 726000, Shaanxi Province, P. R. China
    2 College of Chemistry & Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, P. R. China
  • Published:2016-11-30
  • Contact: Sheng-Li GAO E-mail:gaoshli@nwu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    第三批国家级精品资源共享课(教高函(2013)132号);国家精品课程(教高函(2007)20号);陕西省高等学校教改项目((2015)J32)

摘要:

从教材内容和课程设计的科学性论证了基础无机化学课程中“原子结构”应分为“原子和原子结构”和“元素与周期律”两章。“原子和原子结构”包括原子结构、核外电子的运动状态和原子核结构,“元素与周期律”包括元素的起源、周期律的建立和元素基本性质的规律性。通过教学实践,说明这样的处理有利于探索教材结构处理对教学效果的影响,符合认识论规律。教法的改革有利于从基础课教学方面提高学生的科学研究意识。

关键词: 原子结构, 元素周期律, 课程设计, 教学方法, 教学效果

Abstract:

Based on the scientific nature of the teaching content and curriculum design, this article demonstrates that the chapter "atomic structure" in basic inorganic chemistry course should be divided into two chapters, "atom and atomic structure" and "element and the periodic law".The chapter "atom and atomic structure" includes the contents of atomic structure, electron motion state and the nucleus structure, while the chapter "element and the periodic law" includes the origin of elements, the establishment of the periodic law and basic property regularity of elements.Through teaching practice, such treatment is helpful in exploring the effect of the teaching content structure, and is agreeable with the law of epistemology.The reform of the teaching is helpful in improving students' scientific research consciousness in fundamental course teaching.

Key words: Atomic structure, Periodic law of elements, Course design, Teaching method, Teaching result

MSC2000: 

  • G64