大学化学 >> 2017, Vol. 32 >> Issue (2): 63-68.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201608004

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

嵌碳TiO2的快速制备及其光催化制氢特性--介绍一个材料综合实验

李乔丹,马晓清,崔晓莉*()   

  • 发布日期:2017-02-11
  • 通讯作者: 崔晓莉 E-mail:xiaolicui@fudan.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21273047)

Fast Preparation of Carbon-Incorporated TiO2 and Its Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Properties: An Introduction of a Comprehensive Materials Experiment

Jordan LEE,Xiao-Qing MA,Xiao-Li CUI*()   

  • Published:2017-02-11
  • Contact: Xiao-Li CUI E-mail:xiaolicui@fudan.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    国家自然科学基金(21273047)

摘要:

以TiO2为代表的半导体光催化剂通过对太阳能的利用,有助于解决当前制约人类社会发展的能源危机与环境污染问题。本实验采用新颖的火焰辅助热解法一步制备出锐钛矿相嵌碳TiO2微球,该制备方法可避免热处理,实验过程简单快速、无液体废弃物,绿色便捷,利用气相色谱仪测定样品的光催化分解水的产氢量。通过本实验,学生可全面了解半导体光催化剂的光催化原理、制备、表征、功能测试,同时帮助学生认识太阳能、氢能等新能源研究概况,渗透环保的理念。

关键词: TiO2, 氢能, 综合性实验, 环境友好

Abstract:

The use of solar energy through titanium dioxide, one of the most promising semiconductor photocatalyst, is a possible solution to energy shortage and environmental pollution. In this paper, anatase carbon-incorporated TiO2 microspheres are prepared by a facile flame thermal approach, which is annealing-free and almost no waste and simple. The photocatalytic hydrogen yield of the as-prepared TiO2 sample is tested by gas chromatograph under Xe lamp irradiation. Through this experiment, students can learn photocatalytic mechanism, the synthesis and characterization of semiconductor photocatalyst as well as know a little about solar energy, hydrogen energy and environmental awareness.

Key words: TiO2, Hydrogen energy, Comprehensive experiment, Environmentally friendly

MSC2000: 

  • G64