大学化学 >> 2017, Vol. 32 >> Issue (9): 21-34.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201704022

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非金属元素的同素异形体(一)——氢和硼的同素异形体概述

邸友莹1,杨奇2,周春生1,乔成芳1,崔孝炜1,高胜利1,2,*()   

  1. 1 商洛学院化学工程与现代材料学院, 陕西 商洛 726000
    2 西北大学化学与材料科学学院, 西安 710127
  • 发布日期:2017-09-12
  • 通讯作者: 高胜利 E-mail:gaoshli@nwu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家精品课程:无机化学和分析化学(教高函(2007)20号);国家级教学团队《无机化学和分析化学基础课教学团队》(教高函[2007]23号);陕西省高等学校教改项目((2015)J32)

The Allotropes of Nonmetallic Elements (Ⅰ):An Overview of Hydrogen and Boron Allotrope

You-Ying DI1,Qi YANG2,Chun-Sheng ZHOU1,Cheng-Fang QIAO1,Xiao-Wei CUI1,Sheng-Li GAO1,2,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemical Engineering and Modern Materials, Shangluo University, Shangluo 726000, Shaanxi Province, P. R. China
    2 College of Chemistry & Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, P. R. China
  • Published:2017-09-12
  • Contact: Sheng-Li GAO E-mail:gaoshli@nwu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    国家精品课程:无机化学和分析化学(教高函(2007)20号);国家级教学团队《无机化学和分析化学基础课教学团队》(教高函[2007]23号);陕西省高等学校教改项目((2015)J32)

摘要:

进行了同素异形体概念的探讨。简要叙述了氢和硼2种典型非金属元素形成的各种同素异形体的存在、组成以及结构、制备和性质,首次将多种硼富勒烯、硼纳米管、硼单层平面等晶态硼的内容补充在硼的同素异形体中,并强调了计算化学对同素异形体的预测和现代科学技术发展对制备的作用及其在材料中的应用。

关键词: 同素异形体, 氢, 硼, 结构, 性质, 应用

Abstract:

This paper discusses the concept of allotrope and briefly describes the existence, composition, structure, synthesis and property of various allotropes formed by two typical nonmetallic elements-hydrogen and boron. Some contents about crystalline boron, such as boron fullerenes, boron nanotubes, boron monolayer, have been added to the allotropes of boron for the first time. Meanwhile, the prediction of computational chemistry to chemical allotropes and the development of modern science and technology in the application of materials have been emphasized.

Key words: Allotrope, Hydrogen, Boron, Structure, Property, Application

MSC2000: 

  • G64