大学化学 >> 2017, Vol. 32 >> Issue (12): 1-11.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201706036

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傅克烷基化反应在超高交联聚合物中的应用

安万凯*(),吴璐璐,金秋,史力军,潘振良*()   

  • 发布日期:2017-12-19
  • 通讯作者: 安万凯,潘振良 E-mail:anwk16@sina.com;panzhenliang@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    河南省高等学校重点科研项目(18A150006);国家自然科学基金(21702049)

Application of Friedel-Crafts Alkylation Reaction in Hypercrosslinked Polymers

Wan-Kai AN*(),Lu-Lu WU,Qiu JIN,Li-Jun SHI,Zhen-Liang PAN*()   

  • Published:2017-12-19
  • Contact: Wan-Kai AN,Zhen-Liang PAN E-mail:anwk16@sina.com;panzhenliang@sina.com
  • Supported by:
    河南省高等学校重点科研项目(18A150006);国家自然科学基金(21702049)

摘要:

超高交联聚合物主要是通过傅克烷基化反应来制备的,具有合成简单、多孔、无毒、结构稳定、质轻等特点。本文介绍了傅克烷基化反应的条件和机理,展示了超高交联聚合物的合成方法及这些材料在气体储存/分离、水处理、催化、传感等领域中的应用,并对傅克烷基化反应与超高交联聚合物的进一步结合做出了展望。

关键词: 傅克烷基化反应, 超高交联聚合物, 吸附, 催化

Abstract:

Constructed mainly via Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction, hypercrosslinked polymers (HCPs) possess significant advantages, such as easy to synthesize, porous, non-toxic, structurally stable and lightly weighted. This paper briefly describes the general reaction conditions and mechanism of the conversion. Meanwhile, the synthesis strategy of some HCP materials and their diverse applications in gas adsorption/separation, water-treatment, catalysis, and sensing etc. are also be displayed here. Additionally, we point out the further combination between Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction and HCPs in the future.

Key words: Friedel-Crafts reaction, Hypercrosslinked polymers, Absorption, Catalysis

MSC2000: 

  • G64