大学化学 >> 2018, Vol. 33 >> Issue (3): 36-41.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201709023

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

如何在基础无机化学实验课中培养本科生的科研思维——以实验“[Co(NH3)6]Cl3的制备”的改革为例

李淑妮*(),翟全国,蒋育澄,胡满成   

  • 收稿日期:2017-09-13 发布日期:2018-03-13
  • 通讯作者: 李淑妮 E-mail:lishuni@snnu.edu.cn

How to Cultivate Undergraduates' Scientific Thinking in Basic Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory Class: Taking the Experimental Reform of "Preparation of the Complex[Co(NH3)6]Cl3" as an Example

Shuni LI*(),Quanguo ZHAI,Yucheng JIANG,Mancheng HU   

  • Received:2017-09-13 Published:2018-03-13
  • Contact: Shuni LI E-mail:lishuni@snnu.edu.cn

摘要:

针对基础无机化学实验教学中学生理论联系实际能力不足、对实验课不够重视以及实验课教学效果难以达到预期等问题,本文以[Co(NH36]Cl3的制备为教学案例,通过预设问题促进学生积极思考,达到深刻理解实验内容的目的。通过新旧教学法的对比,提出在无机化学实验教学中,以"问题设置法"进行本科生科学思维培养的改革方案。

关键词: 基础无机化学实验, 问题设置法, 案例分析, 科学思维培养

Abstract:

In the traditional inorganic chemistry laboratory teaching, the students usually don't have the ability to relate theory with the experiment phenomenon and procedure, thus lacking an in-depth understanding about the experiment. Thus, the teaching effect of the inorganic chemistry laboratory is difficult to meet expectations. Here, the classic inorganic experiment "preparation of the complex[Co(NH3)6]Cl3" was taken as a teaching case to cultivate the active thinking ability of the undergraduates, so that the students can have a deep understanding on the experiment. We attempt to point out the reform of "problem-setting method" in inorganic chemistry laboratory teaching in order to cultivate students' scientific thinking and scientific research ability by comparing the old and new teaching methods.

Key words: Basic inorganic chemistry laboratory, Problem-setting method, Case analysis, Cultivation of scientific thinking

MSC2000: 

  • G64