大学化学 >> 2018, Vol. 33 >> Issue (4): 41-45.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201710001

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

高等院校化学实验室废弃物问题的思考

徐烜峰1,李维红1,*(),边磊1,关玲1,李恩敬2,张奇涵1   

  1. 1 北京大学化学与分子工程学院, 化学国家级实验教学示范中心, 北京 100871
    2 北京大学实验室与设备管理部, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-11 发布日期:2018-04-08
  • 通讯作者: 李维红 E-mail:xuan@pku.edu.cn

Thinking on the Problems of Chemical Waste Disposal in College Laboratories

Xuanfeng XU1,Weihong LI1,*(),Lei BIAN1,Ling GUAN1,Enjing LI2,Qihan ZHANG1   

  1. 1 National Demonstration Center for Experimental Chemistry Education, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
    2 Department of Laboratory and Equipment Management, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
  • Received:2017-10-11 Published:2018-04-08
  • Contact: Weihong LI E-mail:xuan@pku.edu.cn

摘要:

介绍了国内化学废弃物处置方面的相关法规和管理办法,并以美国休斯顿大学为例,介绍了美国高校实验室废弃物处置机制,包括法规、机构、管理办法、责任等。以2010至2011年间美国化学会Journal of Chemical Education期刊中涉及废弃物处置的四个教学实验,阐述了“3R”(循环、减量、再利用)绿色化学原则。最后以北京大学为例,介绍我国高校化学实验室对废弃物处理的做法。

关键词: 高校实验室, 化学废弃物, 安全管理

Abstract:

Several laws and management strategies related to chemical disposal in China were introduced. Houston University was employed as an example of American university to illustrate chemical disposal system including laws, institutions, management and responsibility in the United States. "3R" (Recycle, Reduce and Reuse) green chemistry rules were demonstrated using four student experiments published in Journal of Chemical Education, ACS in 2010 and 2011. Some management methods of Peking University were presented here to illustrate the disposition of chemical waste in domestic Chinese college laboratories.

Key words: University laboratory, Chemical waste, Safety management

MSC2000: 

  • G64