大学化学 >> 2018, Vol. 33 >> Issue (7): 90-95.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201803017

所属专题: 化学科普

科普 上一篇    下一篇

藏在稻壳中的“硅”宝

刘文龙,张嘉任,蒋世阳,胡江涛,张兴文*()   

  • 收稿日期:2018-03-05 发布日期:2018-07-17
  • 通讯作者: 张兴文 E-mail:zhxwhit@aliyun.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划重点专项(2017YFB0307700);国家自然科学基金(31340032)

Silicon Treasure Hidden in Rice Husks

Wenlong LIU,Jiaren ZHANG,Shiyang JIANG,Jiangtao HU,Xingwen ZHANG*()   

  • Received:2018-03-05 Published:2018-07-17
  • Contact: Xingwen ZHANG E-mail:zhxwhit@aliyun.com
  • Supported by:
    国家重点研发计划重点专项(2017YFB0307700);国家自然科学基金(31340032)

摘要:

基于工业硅高能耗的背景,以寻找“硅”宝的方式,介绍稻壳生物质资源中硅的存在状态,从能源、环境和绿色化学角度讨论如何从稻壳中提取“硅”,通过展示国内外利用稻壳硅的最新科研成果,加强科学技术的普及与推广,在了解稻壳硅背后原理的过程中,强化节能环保意识,进一步激发读者深入探究绿色化学与化工的热情。

关键词: 硅, 稻壳, 绿色化学, 新能源材料

Abstract:

Based on the background of high energy consumption of industrial silicon, we introduce the existing state of silicon in the biomass resource of rice husk and discuss how to extract "silicon" from rice husk in the view of energy, environment and green chemistry. Utilizing the latest scientific research achievements of rice husk silicon, we want to strengthen the popularization of science and technology and intensify the readers' awareness of energy conservation and environmental protection while understanding the principle of extracting "silicon" from rice husk. Furthermore, we intend to stimulate readers' enthusiasm to explore green chemistry and chemical industry through this article.

Key words: Silicon, Rice husk, Green chemistry, New energy material

MSC2000: 

  • G64