大学化学 >> 2018, Vol. 33 >> Issue (11): 106-110.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201809019

所属专题: 化学课程的教学方法探索

教育专题 上一篇    

思维导图在分析化学中的教学应用探索

党雪平*(),陈怀侠,黄建林,葛伊莉,叶勇   

  • 收稿日期:2018-09-13 发布日期:2018-12-05
  • 通讯作者: 党雪平 E-mail:dangxueping@hubu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    湖北省教育厅教改项目“分析化学课程群新体系构建与实践”(2014202);湖北大学教研项目“基于思维导图的高校创新型人才培养模式的应用研究”(020-014098)

Teaching Exploration of Mind-Mapping on Analytical Chemistry Class

Xueping DANG*(),Huaixia CHEN,Jianlin HUANG,Yili GE,Yong YE   

  • Received:2018-09-13 Published:2018-12-05
  • Contact: Xueping DANG E-mail:dangxueping@hubu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    湖北省教育厅教改项目“分析化学课程群新体系构建与实践”(2014202);湖北大学教研项目“基于思维导图的高校创新型人才培养模式的应用研究”(020-014098)

摘要:

以分析化学中“误差与分析数据处理”章节的教学为例,探讨了教学中思维导图的设计、课堂应用方法和教学效果评价。思维导图设计环节突出新知识点的衍生、新旧知识点的关系及章节的归纳总结;课堂实践环节强调思维导图在板书上的引导作用,结合多媒体讲解进行教学互补;课后作业环节重视锻炼学生的逻辑思维能力。教学实践结果及问卷调查分析表明,在大学课堂教学引入思维导图是必要的,能系统地增强学生的逻辑思维能力,提高学生的“学习力”,调动学生学习的自主性,教学效果令人满意。

关键词: 思维导图, 分析化学, 学习力, 误差与分析数据处理

Abstract:

Taking the chapter of "errors and data processing" in analytical chemistry as an example, the teaching design, teaching practice and teaching efficiency of mind-mapping were explored. The derivation of the new knowledge point, the relation between the new and old knowledge points, their generalization and summarization were emphasized in the design of mind-mapping; the blackboard-writing and mixed-media complemented each other in the teaching practice, the guiding function of mind-mapping was highlighted; and students' logical thinking was practiced in homework. The teaching practice and questionnaire survey show that it is necessary to introduce mind-mapping to university classroom teaching. Mind-mapping can improve students' logical thinking, increase their "learning ability" and arouse their enthusiasm. The teaching effect is satisfying.

Key words: Mind-mapping, Analytical chemistry, Learning ability, Errors and data processing

MSC2000: 

  • G64