大学化学

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基础化学教学实验室试剂和仪器的科学细化管理

欧阳小清, 董志强, 阮婵姿, 潘蕊, 吕银云, 张春艳, 翁玉华, 许振玲, 颜长明, 任艳平   

  1. 化学国家级实验教学示范中心(厦门大学), 厦门大学化学化工学院, 福建 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-08 录用日期:2018-11-27 发布日期:2018-12-06
  • 通讯作者: 任艳平 E-mail:ypren@xmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    2016年度教育部"基础学科拔尖学生培养试验计划"研究课题;2017年福建省本科高校教育教学改革研究项目(FBJG20170295);2017年度厦门大学教学改革研究项目(JG20170204);国家基础科学人才培养基金项目(J1310024)

Discussion of the Detailed Management of Reagents and Instruments in Basic Chemistry Teaching Laboratory

OUYANG Xiaoqing, DONG Zhiqiang, RUAN Chanzi, PAN Rui, LÜ Yinyun, ZHANG Chunyan, WENG Yuhua, XU Zhenling, YAN Changming, REN Yanping   

  1. National Demonstration Center for Experimental Chemistry Education(Xiamen University), College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2018-10-08 Accepted:2018-11-27 Published:2018-12-06

摘要: 介绍了厦门大学化学国家级实验教学示范中心基础化学实验(一)实验室在试剂和仪器科学细化管理方面的一些具体做法,如试剂的排序存放、计划补充、优化使用及仪器的"五防"和"三位一体"管理模式。通过对试剂、仪器一系列规范、有序、科学的细化管理,节约了试剂用量,减少了废物排放量,保证了干净整洁的实验环境;培养了学生良好的实验习惯,保证了仪器的正常运行及获得准确的实验数据,并提高了仪器的使用寿命,为实验教学的顺利开展提供了有力的保障。希望能为国内高校化学教学实验室相关方面管理提供可借鉴的经验。

关键词: 基础化学教学实验室, 试剂, 仪器, 细化管理

Abstract: This article mainly introduces some specific aspects about the detailed management of reagents and instruments, including sorting storage, purchase plan, optimized use of reagents, as well as "five-way protection" and "teacher-student-technician management" for instrumental maintenance, in Basic Chemistry Teaching Laboratory (I) of National Demonstration Center for Experimental Chemistry Education (Xiamen University). Through a series of standardized, organized and scientific management of reagents and instruments, reagent consumption and waste discharge are reduced, clean and tidy experimental environment is provided; good experimental habits of students are formed, the regular operation of the instrument and accurate experimental data are guaranteed, and the service life of the instrument is improved. It provides a strong guarantee for the smooth development of laboratory teaching. In summary, this paper would provide valuable experiences for the management of chemistry teaching laboratories in colleges and universities.

Key words: Basic chemistry teaching laboratory, Reagent, Instrument, Detailed management

MSC2000: 

  • G64