大学化学 >> 2019, Vol. 34 >> Issue (7): 85-89.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201812016

师生笔谈 上一篇    下一篇

记忆口诀在有机化学学习中的应用

王灵辉*(),张宗勇,吴昊,肖勋文,仇丹   

  • 收稿日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2019-03-11
  • 通讯作者: 王灵辉 E-mail:ca3po42@163.com

Application of Pithy Formulas for the Study of Organic Chemistry

Linghui WANG*(),Zongyong ZHANG,Hao WU,Xunwen XIAO,Dan QIU   

  • Received:2018-12-20 Published:2019-03-11
  • Contact: Linghui WANG E-mail:ca3po42@163.com

摘要:

有机化学是一门重要的化学基础课程,也是一门较难掌握的课程。针对有机化学中化学反应条件和类型繁多的特点,作者提出了借助速记口诀来帮助记忆的方法。口诀编写时充分发挥汉语的博大精深优势和人类大脑的联想发散能力,力求精简顺口。口诀将零碎的内容有条理地归纳在一起,使抽象的化学反应能被快速记忆。速记口诀不仅可以帮助初学者快速入门,也可以协助建立系统的知识体系,有助于知识的终身掌握和应用。

关键词: 口诀, 有机化学, 学习, 谐音

Abstract:

Organic chemistry is an important course for chemistry related disciplines but it is difficult to study. With the diverse reaction conditions and types, pithy formulas were suggested to help memorization. During the programming of the pithy formulas, the various meanings of Chinese characters and the association ability of human brain were fully considered, making the pithy formulas simple and easy to read. The scattered information was organized, making the abstract reactions readily remembered. The pithy formulas can not only get beginners familiar with organic chemistry, but also be useful for knowledge system constructing, helping knowledge comprehension and application lifelong.

Key words: Pithy formula, Organic chemistry, Learning, Homophonic

MSC2000: 

  • G64