大学化学 >> 2019, Vol. 34 >> Issue (7): 109-116.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201903010

化学史 上一篇    下一篇

科学发展史中批判性思维的作用和习得途径

顾晔1,2,*()   

  1. 1 南京大学教育研究院, 南京 210093
    2 江宁高级中学, 南京 211100
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-06 发布日期:2019-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 顾晔 E-mail:seasand1981@163.com

Role and Ways of Learning Critical Thinking in the History of Science

Ye GU1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Institution of Education, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P. R. China
    2 Jiangning High School, Nanjing 211100, P. R. China
  • Received:2019-03-06 Published:2019-05-20
  • Contact: Ye GU E-mail:seasand1981@163.com

摘要:

科学理论的革新需要科学家具备较为全面的批判性思维。以科学发展史中"燃素说"的推翻和"元素周期律"的提出为例,阐述了批判性思维技能和习性在其中的重要作用,尝试开发以科学史实为素材的批判性思维的习得途径。

关键词: 批判性思维, 科学史, 燃素说, 元素周期律

Abstract:

Scientific theory innovation needs scientists who have comprehensive critical thinking. Taking the history of science of phlogiston and periodic law of elements as an example, this paper expounds the role of the critical thinking skills and habits, and tries to develop the way for acquisition of critical thinking from the history of science.

Key words: Critical thinking, History of science, Phlogiston, Periodic law of elements

MSC2000: 

  • G64