大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (2): 88-91.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201905035

师生笔谈 上一篇    下一篇

根据角度节面及其对称性分布导出原子轨道形状

刘奉岭   

  1. 山东师范大学化学化工与材料科学学院, 济南 250014
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-14 发布日期:2019-07-31
  • 通讯作者: 刘奉岭 E-mail:liufengling@sdnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    山东省自然科学基金(ZR2011BM022)

Derivation of the Shape of an Atomic Orbital from the Angular Nodal Planes and the Symmetries of Their Distribution

Fengling Liu   

  1. College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, P. R. China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Published:2019-07-31

摘要: 原子轨道形状不只由角量子数l决定,也与磁量子数m有关。本文讨论了当lm的绝对值|m|一定时,如何根据角度节面的数目、形状及角度节面的对称性分布得出原子轨道的图像,同时探讨了原子轨道对称性匹配与原子轨道|m|之间的关系。

关键词: 原子轨道形状, 角量子数l, 磁量子数m, 对称性

Abstract: The shape of an atomic orbital not only depends on the azimuthal quantum number l, but also associates with the magnetic quantum number m. We discussed about how to derive the shape of an atomic orbital from the numbers and shapes of the angular nodal planes, and the symmetries of distribution of all angular nodal planes when l and|m|are known. According to the|m|, the compatibility of the symmetry of an atomic orbitals have also been also discussed.

Key words: Shape of the atomic orbital, Azimuthal quantum number l, Magnetic quantum number m, Symmetry

MSC2000: 

  • G64