大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (7): 130-141.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201906039

所属专题: 有机化学课程与实验教学

师生笔谈 上一篇    下一篇

浅谈中国化学会《有机化合物命名原则2017》的教学要点

沈越1,*(), 李小瑞2   

  1. 1 华中科技大学材料科学与工程学院, 武汉 430074
    2 陕西科技大学化学与化工学院, 西安 710021
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-19 录用日期:2019-08-19 发布日期:2019-08-29
  • 通讯作者: 沈越 E-mail:shenyue1213@hust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(51672098)

Discussion on Key Points in Teaching "Nomenclature of Organic Compounds 2017" of Chinese Chemical Society

Yue Shen1,*(), Xiaorui Li2   

  1. 1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China
    2 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science and Technology, Xi'an 710021, P. R. China
  • Received:2019-06-19 Accepted:2019-08-19 Published:2019-08-29
  • Contact: Yue Shen E-mail:shenyue1213@hust.edu.cn

摘要:

比较了中国化学会《有机化合物命名原则2017》与1980版命名原则的不同,指出了新版的主要变化之处。通过举例,说明母体氢化物、特性基团的概念、含义及其在命名有机化合物时的重要意义。归纳出命名有机物时确定母体氢化物和主特性基团所依据原则和方法,梳理出命名有机化合物的一般步骤,并通过实例来说明2017版命名原则的实施方法。

关键词: 有机化学, 命名法, 母体氢化物, 特性基团, 教学

Abstract:

This paper compared the "Nomenclature of Organic Compounds 2017" of Chinese Chemical Society with the 1980 edition. The concept, meaning as well as the importance in nomenclature of organic compounds of parent hydride and characteristic group are clarified by giving examples. The principles and methods to identify the parent hydride and major characteristic groups for nomenclature of organic compounds are summarized. The general steps for nomenclature of various organic compounds are clarified. The practice of "Nomenclature of Organic Compounds 2017" of Chinese Chemical Society is explained with examples.

Key words: Organic chemistry, Nomenclature, Parent hydride, Characteristic groups, Teaching

MSC2000: 

  • G64