大学化学 >> 2019, Vol. 34 >> Issue (11): 33-37.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201907029

所属专题: 化学育人

教育专题 上一篇    下一篇

潮汕工夫茶校本化学课程的开发与实践

严赞开*(),马嘉俊   

  • 收稿日期:2019-07-22 录用日期:2019-09-11 发布日期:2019-09-23
  • 通讯作者: 严赞开 E-mail:yanxiao4300@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    广东省教育厅高等教育教学改革项目(jg092);韩山师范学院教改项目(jg041)

Development and Practice on School-Based Chemistry Course of Chaoshan Gongfu Tea

Zankai YAN*(),Jiajun MA   

  • Received:2019-07-22 Accepted:2019-09-11 Published:2019-09-23
  • Contact: Zankai YAN E-mail:yanxiao4300@163.com
  • Supported by:
    广东省教育厅高等教育教学改革项目(jg092);韩山师范学院教改项目(jg041)

摘要:

以潮汕工夫茶文化为背景,深度挖掘工夫茶潜在的化学资源,提炼成校本化学课程。进而按学生发展核心素养要求,将课程知识要点与育人计划有效结合起来,设计成课堂教学方案。在实践教学中,首先由宏观现象入手,剖析宏观现象与微观分子间的相互关系,建立起宏观与微观间的认知模型;其次,借助化学成分的提取原理,去认识茶艺师是如何利用工艺条件的细微变化,以及精妙的冲泡操作,来调和出芳香美味的工夫茶汤;最后,让教学在文化与科学之间穿插,在古典哲学与现代教育思想间对流,这不仅能引导学生探寻文化中的科学道理,培养其崇尚科学的精神;而且还能在茶艺中让学生了解潮汕先民泡茶追求天人合一的精神,从而领悟到做事应精益求精,才能给生活创造出无限美的人生哲理。

关键词: 校本课程, 工夫茶, 课程设计

Abstract:

Based on Chaoshan Gongfu Tea Culture, the potential chemical resources of Gongfu Tea are deeply excavated and refined into School-based Chemistry curriculum. According to the requirements of students' development core literacy, the key points of curriculum and education plan are effectively combined to design a classroom teaching plan. In practical teaching, first, we start with macro phenomena, analyze the relationship between macro phenomena and molecules, and establish a cognitive model between macro and micro phenomena. Secondly, with the help of the extraction principle of chemicals, students can understand how tea artists use subtle changes in technological conditions and delicate brewing operations to blend the fragrant and delicious Gongfu tea soup. Finally, the intersection between culture and science and the communication between classical philosophy and modern education can not only guide students to explore the scientific truth in culture and cultivate their spirit of advocating science, but also enable them to understand the attitude of Chaoshan ancestors in making tea in the union of heaven and human. In such a way, students can realize that they should strive for excellence in doing things, and create infinite beautiful philosophy of life.

Key words: School-based curriculum, Gongfu tea, Course design

MSC2000: 

  • G64