大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (7): 32-38.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201908029

所属专题: 有机化学课程与实验教学

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

短学时有机化学教材建设与应用实践

王萍1,*(), 林世静1, 陈赤阳1, 马磊1, 饶红华2   

  1. 1 北京石油化工学院化学工程学院, 北京 102617
    2 首都师范大学化学系, 北京 100048
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-26 录用日期:2019-11-11 发布日期:2019-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 王萍 E-mail:wangping13@bipt.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    北京石油化工学院校级教改项目重点项目(ZDFSGG20190102)

Construction and Teaching Practice of the Textbook for Short-Course Organic Chemistry

Ping Wang1,*(), Shijing Lin1, Chiyang Chen1, Lei Ma1, Honghua Rao2   

  1. 1 School of Chemical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing 102617, P. R. China
    2 Department of Chemistry, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, P. R. China
  • Received:2019-08-26 Accepted:2019-11-11 Published:2019-11-15
  • Contact: Ping Wang E-mail:wangping13@bipt.edu.cn

摘要:

对短学时有机化学课程的核心内容,即典型有机物的主要化学性质,按照反应本质以及反应物与产物在结构上的关系进行了重新分类与整理;同时,以楔形式手性分子的R/S构型的判断技巧为例对课程常见难点进行了形象化阐释;此外,顺应国内重视化学品安全的大趋势,在课程教学过程中补充了典型有机物与有机反应的危险性、急救措施等相关知识。基于上述改革内容建设并出版了新教材《有机化学简明教程》,并将其用于北京石油化工学院5个专业、两届学生共计19个行政班的短学时有机化学课程学习中,学生反映良好,课程成绩呈逐年上升的趋势。

关键词: 有机化学, 教材建设, 教学实践, 成绩分析

Abstract:

As the core of short-course organic chemistry, main chemical properties of typical organic compounds were reclassified and rearranged according to the nature of organic reactions as well as the relationship between reactants and products. Besides, frequently encountered thorny points in the course were interpreted in a vivid way. For example, a novel and convenient skill to judge the R/S configuration of chiral molecules in dash-wedge three-dimensional drawings was presented. In addition, knowledge on the fatalness and corresponding emergency treatment of typical organic chemicals and reactions was introduced, so as to conform to current domestic situation emphasizing on chemical safety. Based on these above reforms, a new textbook, An Introduction to Organic Chemistry, was published and has been used in the teaching of short-course organic chemistry at Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology for two semesters. Performance analysis of students from five majors including 19 administrative classes shows an significant increase in the scores.

Key words: Organic chemistry, Textbook construction, Teaching practice, Performance analysis

MSC2000: 

  • G64