大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (1): 47-52.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201908030

知识介绍 上一篇    下一篇

配位化学中新型金属配合物的电子结构与成键特点

马雪璐*()   

  • 收稿日期:2019-08-26 录用日期:2019-10-10 发布日期:2020-01-09
  • 通讯作者: 马雪璐 E-mail:maxl@cumtb.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务费青年教师科研专项(2019QH01);国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(21902182)

Electronic Configurations and Bonding Characteristics of Novel Metal Complexes in Coordination Chemistry

Xuelu Ma*()   

  • Received:2019-08-26 Accepted:2019-10-10 Published:2020-01-09
  • Contact: Xuelu Ma E-mail:maxl@cumtb.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    中央高校基本科研业务费青年教师科研专项(2019QH01);国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(21902182)

摘要:

研究配合物的几何电子构型、阐明配位键的本质是配位化学中重要的理论组成部分。本文在回顾配位化学基本的成键理论基础上,介绍几例近年来具有教科书级别的国内高水平原创工作,重点阐述具有独特芳香性、低氧化态、高配位数以及锕系金属的新型金属配合物的电子结构和成键特点,对丰富和拓展配位化学的基本理论具有重要意义。

关键词: 金属配合物, 芳香性, 氧化态, 配位数, 成键特点

Abstract:

The most prominent feature of coordination compounds is the coordination bond between the central atom and the ligand around. It is an important theoretical component of the coordination chemistry to study the electronic configuration and geometry of the complexes and clarify the nature of coordination bonds. Based on the brief review of basic bonding theory, the high-level original domestic works in recent years are introduced in this article. Novel types of metal complexes with unique aromaticity, low oxidation state, high coordination number and actinide metal are emphasized with respect to the electronic configuration and bonding characteristics, which will be beneficial for enriching and developing the basic theory of coordination chemistry.

Key words: Metal complexes, Aromaticity, Oxidation state, Coordination number, Bonding characteristics

MSC2000: 

  • G64