大学化学 >> 2019, Vol. 34 >> Issue (10): 1-7.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201909033

所属专题: 化学拔尖学生培养试验计划

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注重基础  促进交叉  尊重选择  培育英才——北京大学化学学科“拔尖计划”十年

李维红,张奇涵,李娜,王颖霞,裴坚*()   

  • 收稿日期:2019-08-31 录用日期:2019-09-19 发布日期:2019-09-26
  • 通讯作者: 裴坚 E-mail:jianpei@pku.edu.cn

Cultivating Top Talents through Emphasizing Fundamentals, Enhancing Multidiscipline and Encouraging Individualization: Ten-Year Development on the Top Talent Training Program of Chemistry at Peking University

Weihong LI,Qihan ZHANG,Na LI,Yingxia WANG,Jian PEI*()   

  • Received:2019-08-31 Accepted:2019-09-19 Published:2019-09-26
  • Contact: Jian PEI E-mail:jianpei@pku.edu.cn

摘要:

北京大学化学与分子工程学院在实施基础学科拔尖学生培养计划过程中,实行动态管理制度,低年级统一培养,高年级通过制定个性化教学方案和参加科研训练的办法遴选拔尖学生,探索“扎根课堂打好基础,依托科研提高能力,着眼交流开阔眼界”的培养模式,实现“以高水平科研带动创新人才培养”的目标。在基础核心课程中设置平行的英文班和阅读讨论班以适应不同学生的需求。2016年,随着北京大学综合改革计划的推进,进一步明确了“一体化、多层次、开放式、重基础、求创新”的教学指导思想,在注重化学基础理论知识和基本实验方法培养、注重数学和物理基础知识学习的基础上,构建多样化和多模式的立体课程体系,为学生提供适合的课程学习和个性化学术发展途径。

关键词: 拔尖计划, 动态管理, 个性化课程体系, 科研训练

Abstract:

In the implementation of the Top Talent Training Program, a dynamic management process has been performed at College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University. Freshmen and sophomores are required to follow an integrated fundamental courses curriculum, and junior and senior students are encouraged to join individualized learning programs and scientific research projects. The mode for "training innovative talents via high-level scientific research" has been explored. Fundamental chemistry courses have been taught in Chinese and English respectively, and reading-discussing seminars were set up to meet different demands of the students. In 2016, with the launching of the comprehensive reform plan in Peking University, the teaching guiding ideology which emphasizes on "integrating, multi-level, open, fundamentals-focusing, and innovative" modes were further promoted. Based on the learning of fundamental theories and laboratory skills in chemistry, mathematics and physics, a diversified and personalized curriculum system was carried out that aimed to enable the students to select suitable courses and route for their academic development.

Key words: Top Talent Training Program, Dynamic management, Personalized curriculum system, Scientific research training

MSC2000: 

  • G64