大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (7): 104-108.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201911021

所属专题: 有机化学课程与实验教学

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

有机化学知识在高分子材料合成创新实验中的运用——分享几个实例

颜静, 耿旺昌, 姚东东, 闫毅()   

  • 收稿日期:2019-11-14 录用日期:2019-11-21 发布日期:2019-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 闫毅 E-mail:yanyi@nwpu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    第二批陕西省新工科研究与实践项目(20GZ110109);西北工业大学2020年“课程思政”示范课程建设项目(Polymer Degradation);2020年高分子材料与工程专业综合实验设计;2020年校高等教育研究基金(G2020KY0701);校高水平课程建设(19GH0101014);2018年度校级教育教学改革项目(W015304);2019年研究生教育教学改革项目(19GA210101);2019学位与研究生教育研究基金(19GZ220101);2019年本科教学项目(19GH0101127);2019年本科教学项目(19GH01001031);2019年本科教学项目(19GZ1201)

Application of Organic Chemistry in Polymeric Materials Synthesis Innovation Laboratory: Share Several Examples

Jing Yan, Wangchang Geng, Dongdong Yao, Yi Yan()   

  • Received:2019-11-14 Accepted:2019-11-21 Published:2019-11-25
  • Contact: Yi Yan E-mail:yanyi@nwpu.edu.cn

摘要:

针对目前教学中存在的理论课程之间、实验课程与理论课程之间关联不够紧密等问题,探索了通过“知识关联”将有机化学基本知识运用到高分子材料合成创新实验中的教学思路。以新试剂合成及应用、荧光聚酯合成、聚酰胺合成、聚酯水解等为例,介绍了如何将有机化学新理论、新方法、新试剂应用于本科高分子化学和高分子材料实验教学,以及如何将有机化学的理论知识和实验手段应用于高分子材料合成教学中。实践表明:通过“知识关联”,将有机化学基础理论知识和实验技能应用于高分子合成实验中可以提高学生对所学知识的理解和运用能力,增强学生的实验探索兴趣,有效改进了高分子材料合成实验教学的课堂气氛。

关键词: 有机化学, 高分子材料合成实验, 知识关联

Abstract:

There are some problems in current teaching mode, for example, the correlation between the theoretical courses, and between the laboratory and the theoretical courses is strong enough. To solve these problems in the polymer synthesis laboratory, we tried to introduce a teaching idea by connecting the basic knowledge of organic chemistry to the innovative experiment of polymer material synthesis through so called "knowledge association". Using the synthesis and application of new reagents, synthesis of luminescent polyesters, synthesis of polyamides and hydrolysis of polyesters for illustration, this paper introduces how to apply the new theories, methods and reagents of organic chemistry to the laboratory teaching of polymer chemistry and polymer materials, and how to apply the theoretical knowledge and experimental procedures of organic chemistry to the teaching of polymer materials synthesis. The practical results show that the application of basic theoretical knowledge and laboratory skills of organic chemistry in polymer synthesis lab can improve students' understanding and application of the knowledge, enhance their interest in experimental exploration, and effectively improve the classroom atmosphere of polymer material synthesis laboratory.

Key words: Organic chemistry, Polymeric materials synthesis experiment, Knowledge association

MSC2000: 

  • G64