大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (7): 109-113.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201912060

所属专题: 有机化学课程与实验教学

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

浅谈制药工程专业有机化学实验教学的心得和体会——以三苯甲醇的制备和重结晶实验为例

叶文静1, 潘洁1, 姜军1, 刘晓平2,*(), 王凯1,*()   

  1. 1 湖北大学化学化工学院, 武汉 430062
    2 沈阳药科大学制药工程学院, 辽宁 本溪 117004
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-23 录用日期:2020-02-12 发布日期:2020-03-02
  • 通讯作者: 刘晓平,王凯 E-mail:lxp19730107@163.com;kaiwang@hubu.edu.cn

Teaching Experiences on Organic Chemistry Laboratory for Pharmaceutical Engineering Specialty: Using "Synthesis of Triphenylmethanol" and "Recrystallization" as Model Experiments

Wenjing Ye1, Jie Pan1, Jun Jiang1, Xiaoping Liu2,*(), Kai Wang1,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China
    2 School of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Benxi 117004, Liaoning Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2019-12-23 Accepted:2020-02-12 Published:2020-03-02
  • Contact: Xiaoping Liu,Kai Wang E-mail:lxp19730107@163.com;kaiwang@hubu.edu.cn

摘要:

有机化学实验是制药工程专业的一门必修课,旨在训练学生有机合成基本实验技能。本文以三苯甲醇的制备和重结晶实验为例,讲述了笔者在多年教学中获得的一点感悟和经验:1)将实验步骤分解成片断讲解可以使学生更好地理解和记忆实验过程和操作目的;2)重要的基本操作应反复练习,即“学习、复习、提高”,通过三次重复练习来实现巩固和熟练掌握该操作的目的。

关键词: 有机化学实验, 三苯甲醇的制备, 重结晶, 实验步骤的分解, 重复练习

Abstract:

Organic chemistry laboratory is compulsory for the undergraduate students in pharmaceutical engineering specialty, aiming at training the operation skills of organic synthesis. In the present paper, using "Synthesis of Triphenylmethanol" and "Recrystallization" as model experiments, some teaching experiences on organic chemistry laboratory were discussed. The whole experiment procedure was divided into several pieces for teaching, which was easier to understand and master; the same basic operation experiment should be repeated, e.g. three times to enhance the experimental skill.

Key words: Organic chemistry laboratory, Synthesis of triphenylmethanol, Recrystallization, Division of experiment procedure, Repeated practice

MSC2000: 

  • G64