大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (7): 181-184.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202003104

所属专题: 有机化学课程与实验教学

师生笔谈 上一篇    下一篇

关于区分有机分子对称性中文表述的建议

杨占会(), 许家喜   

  • 收稿日期:2020-03-29 录用日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-05-27
  • 通讯作者: 杨占会 E-mail:zhyang@mail.buct.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21602010)

A Suggestion to Clarify the Chinese Descriptions on Organic Molecule Symmetries

Zhanhui Yang(), Jiaxi Xu   

  • Received:2020-03-29 Accepted:2020-05-25 Published:2020-05-27
  • Contact: Zhanhui Yang E-mail:zhyang@mail.buct.edu.cn

摘要:

有机化学中经常涉及对不同对称性的表述,但在现行有机化学教材中很少区分,基本用“不对称”一词来表述,存在较多“一词多义,前后混淆”的现象。而英文教材中则有多个相关术语,可用于精确描述不同对称性,不会造成误解或混淆。本文根据英文术语的使用情况,建议了三个相关中文术语的使用对象和范围,以区分与对称性有关的中文表述。

关键词: 有机化学, 不对称, 唯轴对称, 非对称, 化学术语

Abstract:

The terminologies on symmetries are frequently used in organic chemistry. Only very limited discrimination is used in most Chinese organic chemistry textbooks. A same Chinese terminology is indiscriminally used under different scientific situations, which causes misinterpretations for students and scholars. Based on the environment and objects for the use of related English terminologies, this paper suggests three Chinese terminologies, in order to clarify the Chinese descriptions on the symmetries in organic chemistry.

Key words: Organic chemistry, Asymmetric, Dissymmetric, Unsymmetric, Chemical terminology

MSC2000: 

  • G64