大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (5): 256-262.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202004122

所属专题: 化学类课程“延期开学期间利用在线教学资源开展教学活动”

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有机化学实验线上教学对科研素养的培养——兴趣、“家中实验室”与化学思维培养

赵卫光, 关英()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-04-30 录用日期:2020-05-08 发布日期:2020-05-13
  • 通讯作者: 关英 E-mail:yingguan@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    南开大学2020年本科教育教学改革一流课程建设项目(NKJG2020115)

Online Teaching of Organic Chemistry Laboratory for Improvement of Research Ability: Research Interest, Home Lab and Thinking as a Chemist

Weiguang Zhao, Ying Guan()   

  • Received:2020-04-30 Accepted:2020-05-08 Published:2020-05-13
  • Contact: Ying Guan E-mail:yingguan@nankai.edu.cn

摘要:

受疫情的影响,在线上教学期间,我们探索了一条通过“家中实验室”培养学生对有机化学实验的兴趣、提高学生科学素养的教学道路,实现了学生从“听你讲-我做”到“我-想-说-自己做”的转变。本文从“家中实验室”的缘起开始,详细介绍了“家中实验室”对于有机化学实验兴趣、化学思维以及科研素养(文献总结能力、表达能力、观察能力、方法的优化能力、科学问题发现能力、方案设计能力)等的培养过程、教学效果和学生反馈。

关键词: 有机化学实验, 科研素养, 线上教学, 家中实验室

Abstract:

When the course was online this semester because of the outbreak of COVID-19, we explored a way to help students thinking as a chemist via home lab. We focused on the student-centered teaching method instead of the teacher-centered one, which was named as "I-Think-Talk-Do it myself" and "You talk-I do", respectively. It is demonstrated that home lab is an efficient way to raise students' interest in chemistry and improve their research abilities, including the abilities to summarize literatures, design and optimize an experiment, observe, identify and solve problems. The teaching results and the feedback from students were also discussed.

Key words: Organic chemistry laboratory, Research ability, Online teaching, Home lab

MSC2000: 

  • G64