大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (11): 121-126.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202007009

所属专题: 化学科普(2020)

科普 上一篇    下一篇

无处不在的化学——吹进人间的清凉之风

骆睿昊, 邵伟()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-07-02 录用日期:2020-07-13 发布日期:2020-07-27
  • 通讯作者: 邵伟 E-mail:weishao@ustc.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:邵伟, Email: weishao@ustc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院2018年度科普项目(2018D0038);中国科学院2019年度科普项目(KP57)

Chemistry Is Ubiquitous: Cool Breeze in the Summer

Ruihao Luo, Wei Shao()   

  • Received:2020-07-02 Accepted:2020-07-13 Published:2020-07-27
  • Contact: Wei Shao E-mail:weishao@ustc.edu.cn

摘要:

夏季的炎热困扰人们已久,空调的发明无疑造福了世界。从空调的发展历史出发,体现科学技术不断发展完善的过程。以化学的角度解释氟利昂污染问题的根源,列举氟化物在人类生活中的重要作用,消除人们对氟元素的误解。讲述氟单质提取的艰难历程,体现化学家在失败中不断积累经验的研究经历和坚持不懈追求真理的科学精神。

关键词: 化学科普, 空调, 氟利昂,

Abstract:

The invention of air conditioner (AC) has undoubtedly saved the world from the heat of summer. The development of AC is an important embodiment of continuous development and perfection of science and technology. This article explains the mechanism of freon pollution from the perspective of chemistry, and enumerates the important role of fluoride in daily life, to eliminates people's misunderstanding of fluorine element. The hardships of extracting fluorine reflect the chemists' research experience of collecting experience from failure and the scientific spirit of pursuing the truth.

Key words: Science popularization of chemistry, Air conditioner, Freon, Fluorine

MSC2000: 

  • G64