大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (12): 82-86.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202008020

所属专题: 科学抗疫中的化学

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纳米材料在病毒大流行防治中的应用

冯辰昀1, 高瑜1,2,*(), 袁耀锋3   

  1. 1 福州大学化学学院, 肿瘤转移的预警和预防研究所, 福州 350108
    2 福建省肿瘤转移药物干预重点实验室, 福州 350108
    3 福州大学化学学院, 福州 350108
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-08 录用日期:2020-09-01 发布日期:2020-09-14
  • 通讯作者: 高瑜 E-mail:ygao@fzu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:高瑜, Email: ygao@fzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(81871481);国家自然科学基金面上项目(81571802);福建省本科高校教育教学改革研究项目(FBJG20180053)

Applications of Nanotematerials in Viral Pandemics

Chenyun Feng1, Yu Gao1,2,*(), Yaofeng Yuan3   

  1. 1 Cancer Metastasis Alert and Prevention Center, College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, P. R. China
    2 Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Cancer Metastasis Chemoprevention and Chemotherapy, Fuzhou 350108, P. R. China
    3 College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, P. R. China
  • Received:2020-08-08 Accepted:2020-09-01 Published:2020-09-14
  • Contact: Yu Gao E-mail:ygao@fzu.edu.cn

摘要:

新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)的大流行让全球的科学家致力于研究预防病毒扩散、病毒灭活、疫苗制备等领域。基于纳米技术的发展,一些纳米材料的出现为克服病毒大流行提供了一些优秀的解决方案:通过喷洒纳米涂层,医疗机构的口罩与防护服可以完成自消毒;通过添加纳米免疫辅料,疫苗可以用更少剂量的抗原产生更强烈的反应;通过纳米载体材料包裹,药物可以逃避免疫系统监测从而获得更好的抗病毒疗效。一些纳米材料独特的化学性质也让我们看到纳米材料在未来应用的广阔前景。总之,纳米材料将在这次对抗COVID-19与未来对抗病毒大流行中扮演越来越重要的角色。

关键词: 病毒大流行, COVID-19, 纳米材料, 病毒防治

Abstract:

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has enabled scientists around the world to work on the areas such as prevention of virus spread, virus inactivation, and vaccine preparation. Based on the development of nanotechnology, the emergence of some nanomaterials provides some excellent solutions to overcome the virus pandemic: by spraying nano-coating, the masks and protective clothing in medical institutions can be self-sterilized; by adding nano-adjuvants, vaccines can produce stronger responses to antigen of lower doses; by wrapping with nanocarriers, drugs can escape the monitoring of the immune system so as to obtain better antiviral effects. The unique chemical properties of some nanomaterials indicate the broad prospects in future applications. In conclusion, nanomaterials will play an important role in combating COVID-19 and the future anti-viral pandemics.

Key words: Viral pandemics, COVID-19, Nanomaterials, Viral control

MSC2000: 

  • G64