大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (7): 2008027.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202008027

所属专题: 教学理念和方法改革

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大学有机化学中的重排反应及其归纳教学实践

张骥()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-08-12 录用日期:2020-09-28 发布日期:2020-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 张骥 E-mail:jzhang@scu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张骥,Email: jzhang@scu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    江苏高校品牌专业建设工程资助项目(PPZY201992);江苏省大学生实践创新训练计划资助项目(202010320049Z)

An Induction of Rearrangement Reactions in College Organic Chemistry and Its Application in Teaching Practice

Ji Zhang()   

  • Received:2020-08-12 Accepted:2020-09-28 Published:2020-11-05
  • Contact: Ji Zhang E-mail:jzhang@scu.edu.cn

摘要:

重排反应是大学有机化学课程中的重点内容,普遍具有较为重要的合成价值。重排反应在各个章节均有涉及,分布零散,学生在学习过程中容易遗忘,因此对其进行归纳化教学显得尤为重要。本文从独特角度对大学有机化学中涉及的重排反应进行了总结归纳,从机理层面出发的深入剖析将有利于对重排反应的理解和记忆。另外,还通过一些案例介绍了重排反应的归纳分析在教学实践中的应用。结果证明这类针对性讲解对学生掌握相关知识点起到了明显的促进作用,类似的方式也可以应用到其他系统性知识点的教学当中。

关键词: 大学有机化学, 重排反应, 反应机理, 归纳教学

Abstract:

Rearrangement reaction is one of the most important contents in the course of college organic chemistry. These reactions can be found in many chapters, and might be easily forgotten by students in the learning process. Thus, it is of great importance to carry out inductive teaching for relevant contents. Herein, we summarize and analyze in depth the rearrangement reactions involved in college organic chemistry. These analyses at the mechanism level are beneficial for understanding and memorizing of the reactions. In addition, the application of inductive analysis of rearrangement reactions in teaching practice through several cases is also introduced. The results show that this teaching method played an important role in promoting the understanding and mastery of relevant knowledge. Similar method can also be applied to the teaching process toward other systematic knowledge.

Key words: College organic chemistry, Rearrangement reaction, Reaction mechanism, Inductive teaching

MSC2000: 

  • G64