大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (8): 2009017.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202009017

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

鲜花香皂的制备——推荐一个大学化学综合教学实验

马贤波, 李新汉, 张富琴, 陈名红(), 叶艳青, 黄超()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-09-07 录用日期:2020-11-03 发布日期:2020-11-26
  • 通讯作者: 陈名红,黄超 E-mail:cmhkm99@163.com;huangchao@ynu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:黄超, Emails: huangchao@ynu.edu.cn
    陈名红, Emails: cmhkm99@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21662046);国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(s201910691023);云南省大学生创新创业训练计划项目(s201910691049)

Preparation of Flower Soaps: A Recommendation of a Comprehensive Chemistry Experiment

Xianbo Ma, Xinhan Li, Fuqin Zhang, Minghong Chen(), Yanqin Ye, Chao Huang()   

  • Received:2020-09-07 Accepted:2020-11-03 Published:2020-11-26
  • Contact: Minghong Chen,Chao Huang E-mail:cmhkm99@163.com;huangchao@ynu.edu.cn

摘要:

介绍了一个综合化学实验,涉及丰产天然产物有效成分的提取、皂化反应、添加搅拌制备日化产品。该实验将大学有机化学的基础知识、基本实验技能与日常生活相结合,制备出鲜花香皂,具有趣味性、系统性和连贯性。大大激发了学生学习的兴趣,加深了学生对有机化学基础知识的理解,培养和提高了学生的创新能力和综合实践能力。

关键词: 天然产物有效成分, 提取, 皂化反应, 鲜花香皂, 综合化学实验

Abstract:

A comprehensive chemistry experiment was introduced, which involved the extraction of active ingredients of natural products and the preparation of daily chemical products by saponification reaction. This experiment systematically and coherently combined the basic knowledge of university organic chemistry, basic laboratory skills and life to prepare flower soaps. Through the experiment, students' interests and understanding of the knowledge of organic chemistry will be stimulated. Meanwhile, their ability of innovation will be improved.

Key words: Effective components of natural products, Extraction, Saponification, Flower soaps, Comprehensive chemistry experiment

MSC2000: 

  • G64