大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (10): 2101057.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202101057

所属专题: 化学科普(2021)

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“铑”有所“铱”

李一冉1, 姚力筝1, 董梓凝1, 颜静2,*(), 闫毅1,2,*()   

  1. 1 西北工业大学伦敦玛丽女王工程学院, 西安 710072
    2 西北工业大学化学与化工学院, 西安 710129
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-29 录用日期:2021-03-29 发布日期:2021-04-08
  • 通讯作者: 颜静,闫毅 E-mail:yanjing@nwpu.edu.cn;yanyi@nwpu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:Email: yanyi@nwpu.edu.cn (闫毅)
    Email: yanjing@nwpu.edu.cn (颜静)
  • 基金资助:
    陕西省提升公众科学素质计划项目(新冠病毒感染肺炎应急科普2020PSL034);第二批陕西省新工科研究与实践项目(20GZ110109);陕西省教育科学“十三五”规划2020年度课题(SGH20Y1020);2020年校高等教育研究基金(G2020KY0701)

A Tale of Rhodium and Iridium

Yiran Li1, Lizheng Yao1, Zining Dong1, Jing Yan2,*(), Yi Yan1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Queen Mary University of London Engineering School, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
    2 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710129, China
  • Received:2021-01-29 Accepted:2021-03-29 Published:2021-04-08
  • Contact: Jing Yan,Yi Yan E-mail:yanjing@nwpu.edu.cn;yanyi@nwpu.edu.cn

摘要:

铑和铱是两种稀有的铂系元素,性质十分相似。本文以第三人称拟人化的口吻,通过游戏闯关的形式对两种单质的沸点、反射率、弹性模量、催化活性和化学稳定性等物理化学性质进行介绍。还穿插讲述了其氧化物和卤化物的性质以及在电镀层、汽车尾气催化转化器、热电偶等领域的应用。

关键词: 铑, 铱, 铱铑合金

Abstract:

Rhodium and iridium are two rare elements of the platinum family, and they have very similar properties. In a third-person personification, their unique physical and chemical properties, such as boiling point, reflectivity, elastic modulus, catalytic activity, and chemical stability have been introduced by designing a game of challenges. Additionally, the properties of their oxides and halides are also included, especially their applications in electroplating, automobile tail gas catalytic converters, thermocouple manufacturing.

Key words: Rhodium, Iridium, Iridium-rhodium alloy

MSC2000: 

  • G64