大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (10): 2102043.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202102043

所属专题: 化学科普(2021)

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小化眉穿越杂环国

杨德红(), 王坤, 周婉婷, 李冰, 冯晓, 张振明, 张光慈, 乔付淇   

  • 收稿日期:2021-02-24 录用日期:2021-05-07 发布日期:2021-05-21
  • 通讯作者: 杨德红 E-mail:ydh@zut.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨德红, Email: ydh@zut.edu.cn
    第一联系人:

    2018级本科生

  • 基金资助:
    2020年河南省本科高校“战疫”类课程思政样板课建设项目;2020年河南省高等学校优秀基层教学组织项目;河南省高等学校青年骨干教师培养计划(2019GGJS141)

Xiaohuamei Travels across Heterocyclic Countries

Dehong Yang(), Kun Wang, Wanting Zhou, Bing Li, Xiao Feng, Zhenming Zhang, Guangci Zhang, Fuqi Qiao   

  • Received:2021-02-24 Accepted:2021-05-07 Published:2021-05-21
  • Contact: Dehong Yang E-mail:ydh@zut.edu.cn

摘要:

芳香性是芳烃和芳杂环等芳香族物质的特性,是有机化学课程中的一个重点和难点。论文以苯和杂环化合物的结构和性质为基础,加以天马行空的想象,妙趣横生地讲述了大学生小化眉穿越杂环国,变身苯公主,和吡啶、吡咯、呋喃、噻吩四王子一起,带着丫鬟环戊二烯、书童哌啶和四氢呋喃,组成八人团,在万众瞩目下,顺利通过选拔赛,获得芳香国选派资格的故事。旨在用生动活泼的方式在类比中加深读者对芳香性的本质、判断依据、芳烃和芳杂环结构、性质及应用的理解,引领读者进一步思考芳香性在发展过程中所蕴含的科学思想,并提醒人们关注芳香族化合物的社会影响。

关键词: 芳香性, 芳香族化合物, 判断依据, 科学思想, 社会影响

Abstract:

Aromaticity is the characteristic of aromatic substances such as aromatic hydrocarbons and aromatic heterocycles, which is both important and difficult in the organic chemistry courses. Based on the structure and properties of benzene and heterocyclic compounds, coupled with wild imagination, this paper wittily tells the story of the college student Xiaohuamei traveling across the heterocyclic country and transforming into princess benzene, forming an eight-member group with the four princes of pyridine, pyrrole, furan and thiophene, the maid cyclopentadiene, the pageboy piperidine and tetrahydrofuran. With the attention of the public, they successfully passed the graduation defense and obtained the qualifications of the aromatic country. The aim is to deepen readers' understanding of the nature, the judgment basis, the structure and properties, as well as application of aromatics and aromatic heterocycles through analogy in a lively way, lead readers to further understand the scientific thought in the development process, and remind people to pay attention to the social impact of aromatic compounds.

Key words: Aromaticity, Aromatic compounds, Judgment basis, Scientific thought, Social influence

MSC2000: 

  • G64