大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (1): 2103045.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202103045

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

基础化学实验室安全运行管理探索与实践

杨国鑫(), 杜姣姣, 张向荣, 白艳红, 郑阿群   

  • 收稿日期:2021-03-18 录用日期:2021-05-03 发布日期:2021-05-12
  • 通讯作者: 杨国鑫 E-mail:yangguoxin@xjtu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨国鑫, Email: yangguoxin@xjtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    20GJ01Z-西安交通大学教改项目

Practice and Exploration of Fundamental Chemistry Laboratory Safety Operation and Management

Guoxin Yang(), Jiaojiao Du, Xiangrong Zhang, Yanhong Bai, Aqun Zheng   

  • Received:2021-03-18 Accepted:2021-05-03 Published:2021-05-12
  • Contact: Guoxin Yang E-mail:yangguoxin@xjtu.edu.cn

摘要:

基础化学实验室主要开设基础类、大面积通识课程,开课对象以非化学专业、低年级本科生为主。基础化学实验室在实践教学活动过程中往往涉及危险化学试剂以及高温、高压等危险操作,加之新形势下大类招生不断扩大,基础类课程教学任务与日俱增,基础化学实验室的安全运行管理面临的挑战更加严峻。以西安交通大学基础化学实验室为例,介绍了我校基础化学实验室现状及在安全运行与管理方面存在的问题和解决对策,为同类型化学实验室的安全运行与管理提供借鉴与参考。

关键词: 基础化学实验室, 安全, 运行管理, 对策

Abstract:

The fundamental chemistry laboratory mainly offers basic or large-scale general education courses, which are mainly aimed at non-chemistry majors or undergraduate students. In practice, the teaching process of fundamental chemistry laboratory often involves dangerous chemical reagents or high temperature, high pressure and other dangerous operations. Under the new situation that the enrollment of students is expanding, and the teaching tasks of basic courses also grow with each passing day. The safe operation and management of fundamental chemistry laboratory are crucial. Taking the fundamental chemistry laboratory of Xi'an Jiaotong University as an example, the current situation, the problems and the solutions of the fundamental chemistry laboratory in our school are introduced. All these means could provide reference for the safe operation and management of the similar chemical laboratories.

Key words: Fundamental chemistry laboratory, Safety, Management, Countermeasures

  • G64