大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (2): 2106009.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202106009

所属专题: 化学实验教学和管理

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“鸡尾酒”实验——无机元素化学实验中美育迁移作用的探索

王薇1,*(), 周宝晗1, 孙丹1, 任家强2   

  1. 1 湖北工业大学材料与化学工程学院, 武汉 430068
    2 湖北大学生命科学学院, 武汉 430062
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-07 录用日期:2021-07-07 发布日期:2021-09-17
  • 通讯作者: 王薇 E-mail:chemvivian@foxmail.com
  • 作者简介:王薇, Email: chemvivian@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    湖北工业大学校级教学研究项目(校2018005)

Cocktail Experiment: Exploring of Aesthetic Education Playing a Transfer Role in Inorganic Elemental Chemistry Laboratory

Wei Wang1,*(), Baohan Zhou1, Dan Sun1, Jiaqiang Ren2   

  1. 1 School of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan 430068, China
    2 School of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
  • Received:2021-06-07 Accepted:2021-07-07 Published:2021-09-17
  • Contact: Wei Wang E-mail:chemvivian@foxmail.com

摘要:

以“美育”内涵中“培养发现美的能力”为契合点,借助大一新生在无机元素化学实验中发现美时获取的成就感,引导学生在追求“美丽”实验结果的过程中,自发地对基本操作进行训练和提高,由此发挥美育在无机化学实验教学过程中的迁移作用。以钴离子形成多色配合物为“点”,带动学生持续发现实验中更多的“美”,逐步培养细心、耐心和恒心的素养。同时,在新高考、新生源背景下,注重大一新生化学学习兴趣的提高,将直接影响到其对专业的认知及职业的认同,因而其积极作用是不容忽视且意义深远的。

关键词: 无机化学实验, 元素化学, 鸡尾酒, 美育

Abstract:

In the teaching process of inorganic element chemistry laboratory, "the cultivation of ability to find beauty" in the connotation of "aesthetic education" was taken as an integrating point. In pursuit of beautiful experimental results, students had a sense of achievement, and then trained and improved their own basic laboratory skills spontaneously. This was the transfer role of aesthetic education. Students would continue to discover more "beauty" in other experiments after the reaction principle of "cocktail" was explored. Therefore, they could develop the quality of circumspection, patience and perseverance gradually. At the same time, under the background of new National Matriculation Test and new source of students, it would play a positive role and far-reaching influence on freshmen's cognition of major and professional identity due to the improvement of chemistry learning interest.

Key words: Inorganic chemistry laboratory, Elemental chemistry, Cocktail, Aesthetic education

MSC2000: 

  • G64