大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (9): 2107009.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202107009

所属专题: 分析化学课程与实验教学

师生笔谈 上一篇    下一篇

化学分析测量数据处理有关概念的相关商榷

岳宣峰1,*(), 樊鑫1, 秦丹1, 逯昊文1, 张延妮2,*()   

  1. 1 陕西师范大学化学化工学院, 陕西省生命分析化学重点实验室, 西安 710062
    2 陕西师范大学药用资源与天然药物化学教育部重点实验室, 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-30 录用日期:2021-08-11 发布日期:2021-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 岳宣峰,张延妮 E-mail:xfyue@snnu.edu.cn;ynzhang@snnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:Email: ynzhang@snnu.edu.cn (张延妮)
    Email: xfyue@snnu.edu.cn (岳宣峰)
  • 基金资助:
    陕西师范大学研究生教育教学改革研究项目(GERP-20-18)

Discussions on the Concepts Related to Metrical Data in Chemical Analysis

Xuanfeng Yue1,*(), Xin Fan1, Dan Qin1, Haowen Lu1, Yanni Zhang2,*()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
    2 Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Medicinal Resources and Natural Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2021-06-30 Accepted:2021-08-11 Published:2021-08-20
  • Contact: Xuanfeng Yue,Yanni Zhang E-mail:xfyue@snnu.edu.cn;ynzhang@snnu.edu.cn

摘要:

按照概念分类和概念定义的一般原则,对化学分析课程中有关测量数据处理的概念进行了梳理,包括化学计量学基本任务、准确度、精密度、误差等,对现行教材中存在的内容编排、概念用语、概念的定义展开商榷,并提出相关建议,以期为《化学分析》教材建设及学术用语规范提供思路。

关键词: 误差, 准确度, 精密度, 概念分类, 操作性定义

Abstract:

According to the general principles of classification and definition of concepts the concepts in the course of chemical analysis addressing metrical data are sorted out, including the basic tasks of chemometrics, accuracy, precision and error. Discussions are carried out on the arrangement of contents, concept terminology and definition of some concepts in the currently popular textbooks, and relevant suggestions are put forward, in the hope of providing reference for refining the textbooks of《Chemical Analysis》and standardizing academic terminology.

Key words: Error, Accuracy, Precision, Concept classification, Operational definition

MSC2000: 

  • G64