大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (11): 2107081.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202107081

所属专题: 化学类专业特色建设

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“知识、能力、素养”融合的无机化学课程新教学模式建设

张霞(), 桑晓光, 王锦霞, 孟皓   

  • 收稿日期:2021-07-25 录用日期:2021-07-28 发布日期:2021-09-03
  • 通讯作者: 张霞 E-mail:xzhang@mail.neu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张霞, Email: xzhang@mail.neu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    东北大学理学院教育教学改革项目立项资助(2021年)

Construction of New Teaching Mode of Inorganic Chemistry by Integrating Knowledge, Ability and Quality

Xia Zhang(), Xiaoguang Sang, Jinxia Wang, Hao Meng   

  • Received:2021-07-25 Accepted:2021-07-28 Published:2021-09-03
  • Contact: Xia Zhang E-mail:xzhang@mail.neu.edu.cn

摘要:

东北大学无机化学课程改革立足课程教学的育人功能,将知识的学习、能力的培养与人才素养的提升紧密结合。教学内容体系建设上,以“坚、宽、深、交”知识结构为立足点,拓宽课堂教学体系,注重交叉科学知识,突出理论联系实际,融入课程思政元素;教学模式上,实践“对分课堂”,结合PBL案例教学,转换教师与学生的课堂教学地位,激发学生主动式自主学习能力;引入无机化学双语课堂,开阔学生的国际化视野;发挥无机化学MOOC课堂的在线学习功能,开展线上线下混合式教学;创新无机化学实验课程考核方式,确保实验课程的学习和能力培养目标的达成。总的说来,通过完善课程教学体系、创新教学模式,有效地提升课程教学效果,为东北大学理工科学生打下良好的化学基础,培养化学思维习惯,践行“三全育人”教育理念。

关键词: 课程育人, 无机化学课程改革, 课程思政, 专业素养, 能力培养

Abstract:

In Northeastern University, the reform of inorganic chemistry course has been focused on the educational function of the classroom teaching, which tightly combines the knowledge learning, ability cultivation and quality improvement. In the construction of teaching system, guided by the idea of "firm, broad, deep and interactive", the classroom teaching contents are broadened, the inter-disciplinary scientific knowledge is introduced, the theory learning is integrated with practice, and the ideological and political elements are also combined. With respect to the teaching method, the split classroom is combined with the PBL mode, as a result, roles of teachers and students in the classroom are exchanged, and the students' active self-learning ability is promoted. Furthermore, the bilingual classroom is also employed, which significantly broaden the students' international vision. The applications of MOOC of inorganic chemistry endow the abundant online learning function, based on which the hybrid teaching mode is also practiced. In addition, the course of inorganic experiments is also improved by reforming the testing method in order to ensure the training objectives involving learning new knowledge and ability. Generally speaking, through improving the teaching system and innovating the teaching mode, the teaching effects of the course have been effectively enhanced, which lay a good chemistry foundation for the students major in science and engineering, and cultivate the chemical thinking habit, and practice the idea of "Three" education.

Key words: Curriculum education, Reform of inorganic chemistry course, Course ideology and politics, Professional quality, Ability development

MSC2000: 

  • G64