大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (5): 2109100.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202109100

所属专题: 第2届全国大学生化学实验创新设计竞赛

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热致变色自旋转换材料的制备与表征

赵轶臻1, 杨皓程1, 叶雨锟1, 马建功1, 邱晓航1,2,*()   

  1. 1 南开大学化学学院, 天津 300071
    2 化学国家级实验教学示范中心(南开大学), 天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-28 录用日期:2021-10-29 发布日期:2022-02-21
  • 通讯作者: 邱晓航 E-mail:qiuxh@nankai.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:邱晓航, Email: qiuxh@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    2018年“基础学科拔尖学生培养计划”研究项目;2021年南开大学教育教学改革项目

Synthesis and Characterization of Thermochromic Spin-Crossover Materials

Yizhen Zhao1, Haocheng Yang1, Yukun Ye1, Jiangong Ma1, Xiaohang Qiu1,2,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
    2 National Demonstration Center for Experimental Chemistry Education (Nankai University), Tianjing 300071, China
  • Received:2021-09-28 Accepted:2021-10-29 Published:2022-02-21
  • Contact: Xiaohang Qiu E-mail:qiuxh@nankai.edu.cn

摘要:

设计包含Fe(Ⅱ)自旋转换配合物的合成及热致变色性质研究,探究了温度、溶剂对配合物自旋状态的影响;进一步制备了具有一定加工性能的热致变色复合高分子材料,并通过多种手段加以表征。实验从验证基本原理到设计改性实用材料,涉及无机、分析、高分子、材料等多学科交叉,通过合成–表征–性质调控–应用的全流程实现对学生知识、技能、素养的全面训练。

关键词: 热致变色, 自旋转换, 配位场, 氢键, 高分子薄膜

Abstract:

The design of this experiment includes the synthesis of Fe(Ⅱ) spin crossover compounds and the study of thermochromic properties. The effects of temperature and solvent on the spin state of the complex are explored. Thermochromic composite polymers with certain processability are prepared and characterized by various methods. From the verification of basic principles to the design of modified practical materials, the experiment involves multiple disciplines such as inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, polymer science and materials science. Through the entire synthesis process, characterization, property regulation, and application, students' knowledge, skills, and accomplishments are fully trained.

Key words: Thermochromism, Spin crossover, Coordination field, Hydrogen bond, Polymer film

MSC2000: 

  • G64