大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (12): 2111080.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202111080

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

科研渗透式有机化学综合实验设计——一种防伪墨水的制备

张宇, 吉婷婷, 张心妍, 李春浩, 王帅()   

  • 收稿日期:2021-11-26 录用日期:2022-01-10 发布日期:2022-03-04
  • 通讯作者: 王帅 E-mail:wangshuai@imnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王帅, Email: wangshuai@imnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51963017);内蒙古自治区高等学校“青年科技英才计划”项目(NJYT-20-B28);内蒙古师范大学第九批教学研究项目(2020jxyj080);内蒙古自治区大学生创新训练计划项目(S202110135014)

Comprehensive Experimental Design of Organic Chemistry Based on Scientific Research Infiltration: Preparation of an Anti-Counterfeiting Ink

Yu Zhang, Tingting Ji, Xinyan Zhang, Chunhao Li, Shuai Wang()   

  • Received:2021-11-26 Accepted:2022-01-10 Published:2022-03-04
  • Contact: Shuai Wang E-mail:wangshuai@imnu.edu.cn

摘要:

有机化学实验作为有机化学理论课程的互补内容,是一门重要的专业基础课程。因该课程具有培养学生理论联系实际、实事求是、严格认真的科学态度的重要作用,使其在高校教学计划中占据着非常重要的地位,其主要内容已成为从事化学相关专业科研工作的入门技能。因此,开展一个联系科学前沿的有机化学综合创新实验势在必行。本实验设计将具有光致异构化特性的螺吡喃分子的合成、分离提纯、结构表征和应用功能融为一体,并以该综合实验为载体,将科研内容与操作技能渗透其中,初步培养学生的科研兴趣与能力。本实验不但涵盖了有机化学的重要理论知识、基本实验操作,更注重培养学生使用现代仪器对产物进行结构分析的专业科研能力,通过产物在防伪墨水中的应用,加强学生主动挖掘有机分子在生活中应用的意识。更重要的是本实验设计在教学安排上极具灵活性,可用于整体性教学或模块化教学,该特点使其更适宜作为科研渗透式有机化学综合创新实验进行本科教学。

关键词: 科研渗透, 综合创新实验, 螺吡喃, 防伪墨水

Abstract:

Being complementary to the organic chemistry theory course, organic chemistry laboratory is an important professional basic course. It occupies a very important position in the curriculum of colleges and universities, because it plays an important role in cultivating students' scientific attitude of linking theory with practice, seeking truth from facts and being strict and serious. The main content has become the entry-level skills for those engaged in chemistry-related professional scientific research. Therefore, it is imperative to carry out the comprehensive innovation experiment of organic chemistry in connection with the frontier of science. The experimental design integrates the synthesis, separation and purification, structural characterization and application of spiropyran molecules with photoisomerization characteristics. The comprehensive experiment is used as the carrier to penetrate the scientific research contents and operation skills into laboratory teaching, so as to preliminarily cultivate students' interest and ability in scientific research. This experiment not only covers the important theoretical knowledge of organic chemistry and basic laboratory skills, but also focuses on cultivating students' professional scientific research ability of using modern instruments to analyze the structure of products. Through the application of products in anti-counterfeiting ink, it strengthens students' awareness of actively mining organic molecules in life. More importantly, this experimental design has great flexibility in teaching arrangement, which can be used in holistic teaching or modular teaching. These characteristics make it more suitable for undergraduate teaching as a comprehensive innovation experiment of scientific research infiltration organic chemistry.

Key words: Scientific research penetration, Comprehensive innovation experiment, Spiropyran, Anti-counterfeiting ink

MSC2000: 

  • G64