大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (8): 2205075.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202205075

所属专题: “新农科”背景下化学类专业与课程建设

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新农科背景下提升新生化学实验课教学质量的探索研究

饶震红, 张莉, 杜凤沛()   

  • 收稿日期:2022-05-22 录用日期:2022-06-04 发布日期:2022-07-06
  • 通讯作者: 杜凤沛 E-mail:dufp@cau.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杜凤沛, Email: dufp@cau.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    北京市教学研究项目(202110019004);教育部产学合作协同育人项目(202101052038);教育部产学合作协同育人项目(202102122005);中国农业大学校级教改项目(BH2021108);中国农业大学校级教改项目(BH2021112)

Exploration and Research on Improving the Teaching Quality of Freshmen's Chemistry Laboratory Course under the Background of New Agricultural Science

Zhenhong Rao, Li Zhang, Fengpei Du()   

  • Received:2022-05-22 Accepted:2022-06-04 Published:2022-07-06
  • Contact: Fengpei Du E-mail:dufp@cau.edu.cn

摘要:

分析在新农科背景下大学新生化学实验课承担的教学任务,思考如何提高实验课教学内涵,提升本科新生的高阶思维。领悟知识、技能、素质和能力间的辩证关系,提出以“强基扩知、塑能增质”为教学目标的教学改革方案,针对国家需求和本校发展大局,建立可动态调整的“X + 4 + Y”型层次化新生化学实验课程体系,在新生的化学实验课中多角度融入农耕元素,建立化学实验与农耕文化间的联系,增强知农爱农情怀;结合新生的学习特点和知识水平,建立趣学驿站,借助于信息化教学技术,采用“带、引、练、推”多种手段,建立阶梯式多段位实验课堂,调动学生学习的主动性,从多方面渐进提升大学新生的高阶思维与综合能力,更好地引导学生后续的大学学习。

关键词: 课程建设, 化学实验, 教学质量, 能力提升

Abstract:

This paper analyzes the teaching tasks of freshmen's chemistry laboratory course under the background of new agricultural science, and considers how to improve the teaching connotation of laboratory course and enhance the high-order thinking of undergraduate freshmen. We aim to understand the dialectical relationship among knowledge, skills, quality and ability, put forward the teaching reform plan focusing on "strengthening the foundation, expanding knowledge, increasing ability and improving quality", and establish a dynamically adjustable "X + 4 + Y" hierarchical freshman chemistry laboratory curriculum system according to the national needs and the overall development situation of the university. We also integrate agricultural elements into the chemistry laboratory course of freshman, establish the relationship between chemistry laboratory and agricultural culture, and enhance the feelings of knowing and loving agriculture. Combined with the learning characteristics and knowledge level of freshmen, with the help of information teaching technology and various means of "leading, guiding, practicing and promoting", a multi-stage laboratory classroom is established to mobilize students' learning initiative, gradually improve the high-level thinking and comprehensive ability of freshmen in many aspects, and better guide students' subsequent college learning.

Key words: Curriculum construction, Chemistry laboratory, Teaching quality, Ability promotion

MSC2000: 

  • G64