大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (9): 2207143.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202207143

所属专题: 化学科普(2022)

科普 上一篇    下一篇

疟原虫浮生记

杨德红1,*(), 潘子琳1, 王坤1, 张留学1, 马佰位1, 杨本勇2   

  1. 1 中原工学院材化学院, 郑州 450007
    2 中原工学院能环学院, 郑州 450007
  • 收稿日期:2022-07-29 录用日期:2022-09-07 发布日期:2022-09-16
  • 通讯作者: 杨德红 E-mail:ydh@zut.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨德红, Email: ydh@zut.edu.cn
    第一联系人:

    2019级本科生

  • 基金资助:
    2021年河南省线上线下一流课程建设项目;2020年河南省本科高校“战疫”类课程思政样板课;2020年河南省高校优秀基层教学组织;河南省高校青年骨干教师培养计划(2019GGJS141);河南省高校大学生创新训练计划项目(202110465010);“纺织之光”高等教育教改项目(2021BKJGLX531);“纺织之光”高等教育教改项目(2021BKJGLX532);教育部产学合作协同育人项目(202102366060);教育部产学合作协同育人项目(202102024040);中原工学院研究生教育质量提升工程项目(JG202117);中原工学院研究生教育质量提升工程项目(JG202256);2019年中原工学院优秀基层教学组织;中原工学院教改项目(2020ZGJGLX055)

Floating Life of Plasmodium

Dehong Yang1,*(), Zilin Pan1, Kun Wang1, Liuxue Zhang1, Baiwei Ma1, Benyong Yang2   

  1. 1 School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450007, China
    2 School of Energy and Environment, Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450007, China
  • Received:2022-07-29 Accepted:2022-09-07 Published:2022-09-16
  • Contact: Dehong Yang E-mail:ydh@zut.edu.cn

摘要:

从人类有记载开始,疟疾就和人类如影随形,祸害人类长达几千年的时间。传播疟疾的寄生虫从单细胞生物中发展而来,经过漫长的进化,最后传染到了人类身上。2021年,世卫组织宣布中国获得无疟疾认证,标志着我国在抗疟史上取得了绝对性胜利。然而在世界上的其他国家,尤其是非洲区域,疟疾仍在肆虐。论文采用拟人化手法通过暗世界里疟原虫的自述,引领读者认识疟疾的危害、病因和传播方式,以及人类的抗疟利器——药物。重点介绍了DDT、奎宁和青蒿素的功效及发展情况,未来中国神草继续造福世界。最后展示了人类在与疟疾抗争中获取的与诺贝尔奖相关的科学成就,并展望了疟原虫作为寄生者的黯淡未来。

关键词: 疟疾, 危害, 疟原虫, 传播方式, 抗疟药物, 作用机制

Abstract:

Malaria has been prevalent since the beginning of human history and continued to harm human beings for thousands of years. The malaria-transmitting parasite developed from single-celled organisms, and after a prolonged evolution period it finally infected humans. In 2021, World Health Organization (WHO) announced that China obtained malaria-free certification, indicating the country's absolute victory in the history of anti-malaria. In contrast, in other countries, especially in the African region, malaria remains rampant. This study applied an anthropomorphic approach to help people understand the harm caused by malaria, the causes and transmission methods of malaria, and the drugs as antimalarial weapon of human beings. Additionally, this study focused on the efficacy and development of antimalarial drugs dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), quinine, and artemisinin. In the future, China Shencao will continue to benefit the world. Finally, this study demonstrates the scientific achievements regarding the Nobel Prize in the history of the fight against malaria and predicts the grim future of the malaria parasite as a parasite baby.

Key words: Malaria, Harm, Plasmodium, Mode of transmission, Antimalarial drugs, Mechanism of action

MSC2000: 

  • G64