大学化学 >> 2022, Vol. 37 >> Issue (9): 2208066.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202208066

所属专题: 化学科普(2022)

科普 上一篇    

锂离子电池的新同事

方一帆1, 李英瑕1, 丁瀚霖1, 金昇宇1, 张洋2, 杨文胜1,*()   

  1. 1 北京化工大学化学学院, 北京 100029
    2 北京化工大学材料科学与工程学院, 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2022-08-12 录用日期:2022-09-07 发布日期:2022-09-13
  • 通讯作者: 杨文胜 E-mail:yangws@mail.buct.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨文胜, Email: yangws@mail.buct.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金柴达木盐湖化工科学研究联合基金(U1407118);北京化工大学本科教育教学改革项目(2018BHDJGY36)

New Colleagues of Lithium-Ion Battery

Yifan Fang1, Yingxia Li1, Hanlin Ding1, Shengyu Jin1, Yang Zhang2, Wensheng Yang1,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    2 College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2022-08-12 Accepted:2022-09-07 Published:2022-09-13
  • Contact: Wensheng Yang E-mail:yangws@mail.buct.edu.cn

摘要:

近年来,随着新能源技术的发展,锂离子电池获得大规模使用。然而由于自然界锂的储量较少且分布不均,导致锂离子电池生产成本逐年上升。因此,可替代锂离子电池的新型离子电池,如钠离子电池、镁离子电池等逐渐被人们关注。本文将锂、钠、钾、镁、铝等金属元素拟人化,通过他们之间的争论,介绍了锂离子电池及其他几种新型离子电池各自的优势、不足、发展瓶颈与未来展望。

关键词: 锂离子电池, 金属离子电池, 电化学储能, 电极材料

Abstract:

In recent years, with the development of new energy technology, lithium-ion batteries have been used on a large scale. However, due to the small reserve volume and uneven distribution of lithium in nature, the production cost of lithium-ion batteries has increased year by year. Therefore, new types of ion batteries that can replace lithium-ion batteries, such as sodium-ion batteries, magnesium-ion batteries and so on, have gradually attracted people's attention. In this paper, lithium, sodium, potassium, magnesium and aluminum are personified. Through their debate, the advantages, disadvantages, development bottlenecks and future prospects of lithium-ion batteries and other new types of ion batteries are introduced.

Key words: Lithium-ion battery, Metal-ion battery, Electrochemical energy storage, Electrode material

MSC2000: 

  • G64