大学化学 >> 2015, Vol. 30 >> Issue (4): 36-41.doi: 10.3866/pku.DXHX20150436

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

Brønsted酸性离子液体催化合成乙酸丁酯的化学动力学研究——一个物理化学综合实验

张海波, 丁琼, 谢音   

  1. 武汉大学化学与分子科学学院 湖北武汉 430072
  • 发布日期:2015-08-14

An Experiment for the Physicochemical Comprehensive Laboratory: Kinetic Studies on Synthesis of n-Butylacetate Catalyzed by the Brønsted Acidic Ionic Liquid

Zhang Haibo, Ding Qiong, Xie Yin   

  1. College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, China
  • Published:2015-08-14

摘要:

综合了物理化学和有机化学等实验的原理和基本操作,以Brønsted酸性离子液体作催化剂制备乙酸丁酯,探讨了实验的化学动力学原理、动力学方程式及有关计算。结果显示,假设的动力学方程与实验结果相符。

关键词: Brø, nsted酸性离子液体, 催化剂, 乙酸丁酯, 化学动力学, 绿色化学

Abstract:

This experiment combines the principles and basic operations of physical chemistry and organic chemistry, in which the Brønsted acidic ionic liquid is used as the catalyst for the preparation of n-butylacetate for learning the principles of chemical kinetics, the kinetic equations and related calculations. The results show that the assumption of kinetic equations is consistent with the experimental results. The experiment reflects the results of the recent scientific research with easy operability, which will motivate the students and improving their learning ability and practical ability. It is worthy of recommendation as an experiment in the physicochemical comprehensive laboratory.

Key words: Brø, nsted acidic ionic liquid, Catalyst, n-Butylacetate, Chemical kinetics, Green chemistry

MSC2000: 

  • O6