大学化学 >> 2016, Vol. 31 >> Issue (10): 89-94.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201512021

师生笔谈 上一篇    下一篇

基本化学反应形式的系统分类

黄华奇1,陈福盛2,黄荣彬1,*()   

  1. 1 厦门大学化学化工学院, 福建 厦门 361005
    2 龙海第五中学, 福建 漳州 363000
  • 发布日期:2016-11-02
  • 通讯作者: 黄荣彬 E-mail:rbhuang@xmu.edu.cn

A Systematic Classification of Basic Chemical Reactions

Hua-Qi HUANG1,Fu-Sheng CHEN2,Rong-Bin HUANG1,*()   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian Province, P. R. China
    2 Longhai Fifth Middle School, Zhangzhou 363000, Fujian Province, P. R. China
  • Published:2016-11-02
  • Contact: Rong-Bin HUANG E-mail:rbhuang@xmu.edu.cn

摘要:

现行教材的化学反应分类以繁多的化学反应事实为对象,缺乏系统性。本文以基本化学反应形式为对象对反应进行系统分类,并且用多置换反应取代现行中文教材所称的复分解反应,而把复分解反应一词用于指称新增的一类基本反应形式,即复杂分解反应。对基本化学反应形式进行系统分类有助于发现新的反应。

关键词: 化学反应, 系统分类, 多置换反应, 复杂分解反应

Abstract:

The old classification of basic chemical reactions was evaluated and a new systematic classification of basic reactions was proposed.In the new classification,all the chemical reactions were divided into oxidation-reduction reactions and non-oxidation-reduction reactions,and both can be divided into combination reaction,decomposition reaction and replacement reaction,respectively.In addition,a new class of basic reactions,the complicated decomposition reaction,was appended to reaction system.

Key words: Chemical reaction, Classification, Multi-replacement reaction, Complicated decomposition reaction

MSC2000: 

  • G64