大学化学 >> 2017, Vol. 32 >> Issue (12): 53-59.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201704010

化学实验 上一篇    下一篇

8-羟基喹啉及其铝配合物的合成、表征及发光性能——推荐一个综合化学实验

王周,石建新*(),彭敏,郑赛利,赖瑢,李莲云,陈六平   

  • 发布日期:2017-12-19
  • 通讯作者: 石建新 E-mail:cessjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    2017年中山大学校级质量工程项目“重点教材建设项目”

Synthesis, Characterization and Luminescence Properties of 8-Hydroxyquinoline and Tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato) Aluminum: A Comprehensive Chemistry Experiment

Zhou WANG,Jian-Xin SHI*(),Min PENG,Sai-Li ZHENG,Rong LAI,Lian-Yun LI,Liu-Ping CHEN   

  • Published:2017-12-19
  • Contact: Jian-Xin SHI E-mail:cessjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    2017年中山大学校级质量工程项目“重点教材建设项目”

摘要:

首先采用Skraup法制备8-羟基喹啉(HQ),涉及到有机实验中的回流加热、水蒸气蒸馏、结晶与重结晶等基本操作;然后利用合成的8-羟基喹啉来制备AlQ3,通过返滴定法测定其中的铝含量;最后测量8-羟基喹啉与AlQ3的红外光谱、核磁共振氢谱、紫外-可见光谱和荧光发射光谱。本实验涵盖合成、表征到性能测试,让学生认识和完成了一个基本的科研过程。

关键词: 三(8-羟基喹啉)合铝, 发光, 综合化学实验

Abstract:

First, 8-hydroxyquinoline(HQ) was synthesized by the Skraup method, which involves basic skills of organic chemistry experiment such as reflux heating, steam distillation, crystallization and recrystallization. Secondly, the synthesized 8-hydroxyquinoline was used to prepare AlQ3 in which Al content was measured by back titration. Finally, infrared spectra, hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, UV-Vis absorption spectra and fluorescence emission spectra of 8-hydroxyquinoline as well as AlQ3 were measured. This experiment covers synthesis, characterization and performance testing, facilitating students to understand and complete a basic research process.

Key words: Tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato) aluminum, Luminescence, Comprehensive chemistry experiment

MSC2000: 

  • G64