大学化学 >> 2018, Vol. 33 >> Issue (8): 47-51.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201802012

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分析化学的“昨天、今天和明天”

王敬尊*()   

  • 收稿日期:2018-02-09 发布日期:2018-08-30
  • 通讯作者: 王敬尊 E-mail:jzwang824@sina.com

"Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow" of Analytical Chemistry

Jingzun WANG*()   

  • Received:2018-02-09 Published:2018-08-30
  • Contact: Jingzun WANG E-mail:jzwang824@sina.com

摘要:

简述了分析化学的发展历史。分析化学的"昨天",从基于物理化学的溶液理论,以目视可见为工具的"化学分析",进入以物理方法为基础的仪器分析,因此有人提出"化学正在走出分析化学";分析化学的"今天",因为它的主体任务是解决物质的分子原子结构和成分,所以又回归化学领域;对分析化学的"明天"寄厚望,分析化学走出历来仅仅以"为他人报告提供数据"的技术支持者的角色,成为"实际问题解决者",利用分析化学中综合分析的"剖析技术",为新产品开发创制的"反工艺研究"做出独特的贡献。

关键词: 分析化学, 仪器分析, 综合分析

Abstract:

In the paper, the history of "yesterday, today and tomorrow" of analytical chemistry is briefly discussed. The "yesterday of analytical chemistry", which is based on the physical chemical principles, detects chemical changes by visual observations, thus, is called "chemical analysis". The "today of analytical chemistry" is mainly instrumental analysis based on physical methods, therefore, it is often said that "the chemistry is going out of analytical chemistry". The "tomorrow of analytical chemistry" will come back to the chemistry field. I hope that, the role of analytical chemistry is not limited to provide data and report for others, but to solve practical problems and even to produce new products.

Key words: Analytical chemistry, Instrumental analysis, Comprehensive analysis

MSC2000: 

  • G64