大学化学 >> 2020, Vol. 35 >> Issue (12): 201-205.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX201910058

知识介绍 上一篇    下一篇

化学课堂新知识:新型碳材料——石墨炔

商虹(), 顾宇, 王英滨   

  • 收稿日期:2019-10-28 录用日期:2019-12-16 发布日期:2020-02-03
  • 通讯作者: 商虹 E-mail:shanghong@cugb.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:商虹, Email: shanghong@cugb.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务费(2652018053);中国地质大学(北京)2019年度本科教育质量提升计划建设项目(649199111010)

A New Carbon Material: Graphdiyne

Hong Shang(), Yu Gu, Yingbin Wang   

  • Received:2019-10-28 Accepted:2019-12-16 Published:2020-02-03
  • Contact: Hong Shang E-mail:shanghong@cugb.edu.cn

摘要:

我国科学家李玉良院士首次用化学方法成功制备了石墨炔,得到了不同领域科研工作者的广泛关注并迅速发展成为新研究领域和热点。作为一种新型的碳材料,石墨炔具有独特的孔洞结构和电子结构,研究表明它在能源、催化等领域具有重要的潜在应用。本文介绍了石墨炔的理论预测、实验制备及其在储能方面和催化方面的研究现状和发展趋势。将这种具有中国自主产权的新型碳材料引入到大学化学的相关课堂教学中,可以拓展学生的科研学术视野,提高本科生的学习兴趣及科研素养。

关键词: 碳材料, 石墨炔, 电化学性能, 催化性能

Abstract:

Since the first successful chemical synthesis of graphdiyne by the group of Prof. Yuliang Li, this material is attracting much attention and becoming a new research focus and field. As a new carbon allotrope, graphdiyne has a unique three-dimensional pore structure and electronic structure, thus, can be applied in energy storage devices and the fields of catalyst. This article briefly describes theoretical calculation prediction and development of the new material, in particular, its electrochemical property and catalytic property. Introducing this new carbon material into the related teaching of chemistry knowledge of university can expand the academic vision of scientific research and improve the learning interest and scientific research literacy of the undergraduates.

Key words: Carbon material, Graphdiyne, Electrochemical property, Catalytic property

MSC2000: 

  • G64