大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (4): 2004043.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202004043

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生物质能源化学品乙酰丙酸酯

赵文广, 朱婕, 施菁欣, 刘贤响()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-04-10 录用日期:2020-05-12 发布日期:2020-05-29
  • 通讯作者: 刘贤响 E-mail:lxx@hunnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘贤响, Email: lxx@hunnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    湖南省普通高等学校教学改革研究项目(湘教通[2018]436号);国家人才培养模式创新实验区建设资助项目(教高函[2009]27号);国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(S202010542033);湖南省大学生创新创业训练计划项目(S202010542062)

Biomass-Based Energy Chemical: Alkyl Levulinates

Wenguang Zhao, Jie Zhu, Jingxin Shi, Xianxiang Liu()   

  • Received:2020-04-10 Accepted:2020-05-12 Published:2020-05-29
  • Contact: Xianxiang Liu E-mail:lxx@hunnu.edu.cn

摘要:

生物质能源是新兴的可再生能源,是仅次于煤、石油、天然气的第四大能源。乙酰丙酸酯是从生物质资源中获得的高附加值产物,是一类重要化工中间体与新能源化学品,其应用领域十分广泛,具有潜在的商业价值。本文介绍了乙酰丙酸酯的理化性质与用途,以生物质资源为原料制备乙酰丙酸酯的三种合成方法及其反应机理。最后分析了乙酰丙酸酯目前生产与应用的不足,并展望了乙酰丙酸酯未来开发和利用的发展趋势。

关键词: 生物质, 能源化学, 乙酰丙酸酯, 催化转化

Abstract:

As the emerging renewable energy, biomass energy is the fourth largest energy next to coal, oil and natural gas. Alkyl levulinates are high value-added products obtained from biomass resources, which are an important class of chemical intermediates and new energy chemicals. The application of alkyl levulinates is very broad and has potential commercial value. This article introduces the physicochemical properties and uses of levulinates, together with three synthetic methods and reaction mechanism for preparing alkyl levulinates using biomass resources as raw materials. Finally, the deficiencies of alkyl levulinates production and application is analyzed, and the development trend of the future development and utilization of alkyl levulinates is provided.

Key words: Biomass, Energy chemistry, Alkyl levulinates, Catalytic conversion

MSC2000: 

  • G64