大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (4): 2005034.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202005034

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p(Vm-b)=RT实际气体在一些热力学过程中的应用

金明善(), 杨树斌, 李庆忠   

  • 收稿日期:2020-05-11 录用日期:2020-06-09 发布日期:2020-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 金明善 E-mail:jinmingshan666@163.com
  • 作者简介:金明善, Email: jinmingshan666@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    烟台大学2017年教研项目(jyxm2017058)

Application of Real Gas Which Obeys the Equation of State p(Vm-b)=RT in Thermodynamic Process

Mingshan Jin(), Shubin Yang, Qingzhong Li   

  • Received:2020-05-11 Accepted:2020-06-09 Published:2020-06-15
  • Contact: Mingshan Jin E-mail:jinmingshan666@163.com

摘要:

介绍p(Vm-b)=RT实际气体的热力学能、热容的特点,探讨了在等温过程、绝热可逆过程、焦耳实验和节流膨胀过程中一些热力学量的特点,通过该气体的化学势等温式推导了逸度系数及五个热力学函数的表达式。

关键词: 实际气体, 热力学量, 热容, 等温过程, 节流膨胀, 化学势

Abstract:

In this work, the nature and characteristics of the thermodynamic energy and thermal capacity of real gas which obeys the equation of state p(Vmb)=RT are introduced. The characteristics of thermodynamic parameters in isothermal process, adiabatic reversible process, Joule experiment, and throttling process are also discussed in detail. For a real gas, fugacity coefficient and the five of thermodynamic functions of the state are presented from chemical potential equation in isothermal process.

Key words: Real gas, Thermodynamic parameter, Thermal capacity, Isothermal process, Throttling expansion, Chemical potential

MSC2000: 

  • G64