大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (4): 2005050.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202005050

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常见有机化合物中碳原子的杂化方式与成键情况

陈谦(), 朱国磊, 邓丽华   

  • 收稿日期:2020-05-21 录用日期:2020-07-30 发布日期:2020-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 陈谦 E-mail:chenqian@hit.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:陈谦, Email: chenqian@hit.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    西南林业大学教育科学研究课题(QN201703)

Hybridization and Bonding of Carbon Atoms in Common Organic Compounds

Qian Chen(), Guolei Zhu, Lihua Deng   

  • Received:2020-05-21 Accepted:2020-07-30 Published:2020-08-20
  • Contact: Qian Chen E-mail:chenqian@hit.edu.cn

摘要:

有机化合物种类繁多,给有机化学教学带来一定的困扰。在理解有机化合物结构的基础上学习有机化合物的性质则能较容易地提高教学效果。为了理解有机化合物结构,熟知各种有机化合物中碳原子的杂化方式与成键情况是必要的。本文简要地按碳原子sp杂化、sp2杂化、sp3杂化的顺序归纳了常见有机化合物中碳原子的杂化方式与成键情况。

关键词: 有机化学, 结构, 碳原子杂化, 成键

Abstract:

There are many types of organic compounds, which have caused some problems in the teaching of organic chemistry. Understanding the structures of organic compounds, and thereby obtaining clarity on the properties of organic compounds, would improve the efficiency of teaching and learning. In order to understand the structures of organic compounds, it is necessary to be familiar with carbon atom hybridization and bonding in various organic compounds. In this paper, the aforementioned hybridization is briefly summarized in the order of sp, sp2, and sp3 hybridization.

Key words: Organic chemistry, Structure, Carbon atom hybridization, Bond-formation

MSC2000: 

  • G64