大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (4): 2005076.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202005076

教学研究与改革 上一篇    下一篇

有机化学实验教学对科研素养的培养——“思想实验”和基本科研能力的培养

赵卫光(), 关英()   

  • 收稿日期:2020-05-29 录用日期:2020-06-27 发布日期:2020-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 赵卫光,关英 E-mail:zwg@nankai.edu.cn;yingguan@nankai.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:Email: yingguan@nankai.edu.cn (关英)
    Email: zwg@nankai.edu.cn (赵卫光)
  • 基金资助:
    南开大学2020年本科教育教学改革一流课程建设项目(NKJG2020115)

Teaching of Organic Chemistry Laboratory for Improvement of Scientific Literacy Ⅱ: "Thought Experiment" and the Cultivation of Basic Research Ability

Weiguang Zhao(), Ying Guan()   

  • Received:2020-05-29 Accepted:2020-06-27 Published:2020-07-20
  • Contact: Weiguang Zhao,Ying Guan E-mail:zwg@nankai.edu.cn;yingguan@nankai.edu.cn

摘要:

我们借用了“思想实验”的概念,让学生结合已经学到的理论知识和基本操作技能,在动手进行实验前沙盘推演,想象完整的实验过程以及可能发生的现象和对应的处理操作,并把“思想实验”融入到ChemDraw软件使用、PPT制作、专业文献检索、归纳和阅读以及表达能力等基本科研能力的培养当中。本文详细介绍了我们在有机化学实验教学中利用“思想实验”培养学生科研素养方面的一些探索。

关键词: 有机化学实验, 科研素养, 思想实验, 科研能力

Abstract:

The concept of "thought experiment" is to imagine the complete experimental process, possible phenomena and corresponding operations before the experiment. We use this concept to design the teaching activities of organic chemistry laboratory by combining the theoretical knowledge and basic laboratory skills the students have learned. The "thought experiment" making is embedded into the learning process of basic research abilities such as the use of ChemDraw software, PPT production, professional literature retrieval and summary, reading and expression. This paper introduces our explorations in detail on how to use "thought experiment" to cultivate students' scientific literacy in teaching of organic chemistry laboratory.

Key words: Organic chemistry laboratory, Scientific literacy, Thought experiment, Research ability

MSC2000: 

  • G64