大学化学 >> 2021, Vol. 36 >> Issue (4): 2008035.doi: 10.3866/PKU.DXHX202008035

化学史 上一篇    下一篇

原始创新从哪里来: 再谈化学中合成氨方法的发现

王亚琴1,2, 马腾2,*()   

  1. 1 沈阳理工大学环境与化学工程学院, 沈阳 110159
    2 沈阳农业大学理学院, 沈阳 110866
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-12 录用日期:2020-09-30 发布日期:2020-11-16
  • 通讯作者: 马腾 E-mail:mateng77@126.com
  • 作者简介:马腾, Email: mateng77@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    沈阳农业大学天柱山学者计划;研究生教育教学改革研究项目(2019-yjs-36);辽宁省教育厅科学研究经费项目(LSNJC201913)

Revisiting Classic Cases of Original Discoveries and Inventions: Ammonia Synthesis in Chemistry

Yaqin Wang1,2, Teng Ma2,*()   

  1. 1 School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China
    2 Institute of Science, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China
  • Received:2020-08-12 Accepted:2020-09-30 Published:2020-11-16
  • Contact: Teng Ma E-mail:mateng77@126.com

摘要:

从化学史上的合成氨技术着手,探讨原始创新产生的全过程和影响因素,并介绍科学家在合成氨研究中所经历的一些曲折,特别是哈伯(Fritz Haber)所做的贡献,他发展的合成氨方法最终转化为人工固氮的主流技术,对农业和社会的发展产生了显著的影响。合成氨案例可以作为研究生树立原始创新的思想信念,并为之不懈奋斗的学习典范;也会对研究生的培养单位和指导教师有所启发。

关键词: 研究生培养, 原始创新, 合成氨, 化学热力学, 催化

Abstract:

The paper would revisit the classic story of ammonia synthesis and explore the untold details to get some hints about how an original idea or solution was produced in running research projects. There were generations of prominent scientists who had devoted to ammonia synthesis and failed with the loss of their fame, time or even lives. Fritz Haber accepted the challenge accidently, and confirmed a sound technological method that ammonia could be synthesized directly from its elements. Afterwards, his method was transferred successfully to the mainstream technology that influences the development of modern agriculture and society. The direct synthesis of ammonia has been used as one of the classic case studies of achieving original ideas or solutions by our graduate students in their professional careers. Furthermore, for the supervisors or service personnel in universities or research institutes, it would provide with an arsenal of spurring scientific discoveries or technological developments in graduate education programs.

Key words: Graduate education program, Original discoveries and inventions, Ammonia synthesis, Chemical thermodynamics, Catalysis

MSC2000: 

  • G64